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中考英语基础模拟练习题解析

编辑:sx_songlj

2017-10-20

玩的时候痛快玩,学的时候认真学。一天到晚伏案苦读,不是良策。学习到一定程度就得休息、补充能量。学习之余,一定要注意休息。大家知道中考英语基础模拟练习题吗?下面我们就给大家详细介绍一下吧!

Ⅰ.根据汉语意思完成句子(每小题2分,满分10分)

1. 要赶上班上最优秀的同学你得更加用功才行。

You’ll have to work harder to ___________ ___________ with the top students in your class.

2. 有人在大声唿救。

Someone is ___________ ___________ ___________.

3 . 在我去度假的时候,我的朋友照料我的猫。

My friend ___________ ___________ my cat while I was on holiday.

4. 那个勇敢的士兵宁死不屈。

The brave soldier would rather die than ___________ ___________.

5. 雨下得很大,因此我们不能出去。

It’s raining hard,and ___________ ___________ ___________,we can’t go out.

Ⅱ.短文填空(每空1分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,在空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。

Tang Ling often smoked cigarettes (香烟) in his school’s washing room. He started smoking 6 the age of 14.One day he learnt that the NBA star Yao Ming, an ambassador (大使) to the Chinese Association on Tobacco Control (中国控烟协会), asked people not to smoke. Yao Ming was Tang’s favorite star, 7 his words meant a lot to him. He decided to 8 up smoking.

According to the Chinese Association on Tobacco Control, about 350 million Chinese smoke. Among 9 , 50 million are teenagers. Sun Jiangping of Beijing University said, “Teenagers can get cigarettes 10 , especially when their parents smoke or shops 11 cigarettes to them. It’s very important 12 parents to help their children stop smoking.”

A 15-year-old boy named Li Kun from Beijing said his 13 didn’t smoke. Because they thought smoking could make people feel badly ill, they only allowed him to play with friends without smoking. Living in such a good family helped Li say 14 to cigarettes. Some of his smoking classmates once told Li that smoking made boys look 15 , but Li disagreed. He said,“Smoking is unhealthy and it’s not cool at all. Please stop smoking now!”

Ⅲ.单项填空(每小题1分,满分10分)

16. You’d better ___________ football on the road. It’s dangerous.

A. do not play B. not to play C. not play D. not playing

17. —___________is it from here?

—About twenty minutes’ ride.

A. How long B. How often C. How far D. How many

18. Of the two T-shirts, I’d choose the ________ one to save some money for a book.

A. cheapest B. cheaper C. more expensive D. most expensive

19. Drinking milk every day is good ___________ our health.

A. at B. for C. with D. in

20. Sam is only nine,but he can ________ his sick mother very well.

A. look after B. look at C. look for D. look out

21. We’re too tired. Let’s stop ___________ a rest.

A. taking B. to take C. has D. had

22. He has failed several times,but he won’t ___________.

A. go on B. come on C. get up D. give up

23. The question is ___________ difficult for us ___________ understand.

A. too; to B. so; that C. enough; to D. such; that

24. Would you please be quiet? The baby ___________.

A. sleeps B. is sleeping C. has slept D. will sleep

25. Hurry up,or we may ___________ the early bus.

A. miss B. missing C. lost D. losing

Ⅳ.完形填空(每小题1.5分,满分15分)

Itzhak Perlman was born in Israel. But his music has made him a citizen of the world. He has played in 26 every large city. He has won fifteen Grammy Awards and four Emmys. Perlman suffered a terrible disease which hurt his 27 at four. Today he uses a wheelchair or walks with crutches(拐杖). But none of the se 28 him from playing the violin. As a young child,he took his first lessons at the Music Academy of Tel Aviv. Very quickly,his 29 talent was recognized. At the age of thirteen he went to the United States to 30 on television. His playing led him to the Juilliard School in New York.

His music is full of power and strength. It can be 31 or joyful,loud or soft. But people say it is not the music 32 that makes his playing so particular. They say he is able to show the joy he 33 in playing,and the feelings that great music can express.

Anyone who has attended(出席)his performance will tell you it is exciting to watch him play. His face changes 34 the music from his violin changes. He smiles and closes his eyes when the music is light and happy. He often 35 dark when the music seems dark and frightening.

Itzhak Perlman has received many honours,and continues to receive honours for his music.

26. A. even B. almost C. only D. already

27. A. hands B. arms C. legs D. eyes

28. A. stopped B. moved C. protected D. got

29. A. common B. usual C. simple D. special

30. A. practice B. watch C. appear D. train

31. A. happy B. cheerful C. noisy D. sad

32. A. alone B. lonely C. alive D. available

33. A. touches B. feels C. develops D. achieves

34. A. as B. but C. and D. or

35. A. performs B. thinks C. looks D. sounds

Ⅴ.阅读理解(每小题2分,满分20分)

A

IMPROVE ON SLEEP

Good health needs good sleep. Going to bed before you’re tired. Not eating or reading in bed. Go to bed at the same time before midnight and get up at the same time. Your body likes routine(常规)for a good night’s sleep.

STAY FREE OF FLU

Studies show that a cold or flu virus(病毒)can live on our hands for long. So wash all parts of your hands often with soap and water. For more ways to prevent the spread of flu, please call Health Line at 1800 848 1313.

ORAL(口腔)HEALTH

Brush your teeth twice daily and visit the dentist at least once a year. The mouth is a mirror of disease. The oral examination is not only for the health of teeth, but the whole body. For more of it, please visitwww.mydr.com.au.

FIT FOR LIFE

Studies have shown that many diseases have something to do with less or no physical(身体的)activity. Try to do it for 30 minutes a day, 5 days or more a we ek. For more information, please call Health Line at 1800 438 2000.

36. If you want to get a good sleep, you’d better ___________.

A. go to bed after you’re tired B. go to sleep at midnight

C. follow the bedtime routine D. eat something o r read in bed

37. To prevent from catching a cold or flu, it’s good for you ___________.

A. to clean your fingers often B. to brush your teeth twice daily

C. to get up early every morning D. to wash all parts of your hands often

38. You should visit the dentist at least once a year, because ___________.

A. the oral examination is necessary B. you don’t often brush your teeth

C. some diseases may be in the mirror D. you don’t have a good night’s sleep

39. Studies have shown that many diseases have something to do with ___________.

A. having no oral examination B. washing hands with cold water

C. sleeping too late sometimes D. doing little physical activity

40. When you want to learn more about the flu,you can ___________.

A. visit www.mydr.com.au B. call Health Line at 1800 848 1313

C. visit the dentist in your place D. call Health Line at 1800 438 2000

B

This is not a diet. It’s a simple way to lose weight. And you don’t even have to give up the food you love or join a gym. You just follow some habits that thin people have. Keep them,and you’ll become thin.

(1)Wake-up

When you wake up in the morning,sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out, bend(弯曲)forward until you feel sore in your back. It will burn about 10 calories (热量单位:卡路里).

(2)Start with soup

When you have a meal, order a clear soup, and have it before having the main food. In this way, you’ll feel fuller, so you’ll eat less when the main food comes.

(3)An apple(or more)a day

Apples are full of fiber(纤维)and water,so your stomach will want less food. The study shows that people who eat at least three apples a day lose weight.

(4)Stand up and walk around

Every time you use the mobile phone,stand up and walk around. Heavy people sit on average(平均)two and a half hours more each day than thin people. This skill is very important,as standin g up and walking around will burn 50 or more calories.

Use these skills, and you will have a big weight loss.

41. What should we have first if we want to eat less main food?

A. Soup. B. Ice cream. C. Salad. D. Cheese.

42. Why does eating apples make one’s stomach want less food?

A. Because apples are delicious.

B. Because apples are full of fiber and water.

C. Because apples are sour.

D. Because only apples are filled with calories.

43. Which of the following may the author disagree?

A. Sitting up slowly without using your hands helps burn calories.

B. Eating apples every day is good for people’s health.

C. You have to join a gym if you want to lose weight.

D. It’s good to walk around while talking on the mobile phone.

44. What’s the purpose of the passage?

A. To give some advice on how to lose weight.

B. To advise people to eat apples every day.

C. To tell people how to enjoy a better life.

D. To advise people to give up bad habits.

45. In which part of a newspaper would you most probably read the passage?

A. Shopping. B. Teaching. C. Family. D. Health.

Ⅵ.书面表达(满分15 分)

假设你校即将开展“读好书,促成长”的活动。请你根据这次活动的主题,向全校同学发出倡议。请根据所给信息,用英语写一篇倡议书。

读书的意义:获取知识,增长见识,使人聪明,使人快乐,有助于学习,有助于成长

目前的状况:听音乐、看电视、上网等占去了学生大部分的读书时间

发出倡议:多读书,读好书

注意:1.词数:80左右。

2.倡议书的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

3.倡议书须包括所有内容要点,行文连贯,表达清楚,书写规范。

参考词汇:gain knowledge获取知识

My dear friends,

Reading is very important in our life.

_______________________________________________________________________

Let’s start reading now!

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