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2014凉山中考英语语法要点之动词ing

编辑:sx_baiw

2014-01-14

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2014韶关中考英语语法要点之动词ing

He’s eating fried chicken. “他在吃炸鸡。”做chicken的前置定语。

There is no time left. “没时间剩余了。”做time的后置定语。

I have read a novel written by Lu Xun.我读了一部鲁迅写的小说。做后置定语。下同。

He lives in a house built twenty years ago. 他住在一个二十年前被建造的房子里。

一般来说,定语部分不只一个词时, 常放在名词的后面。

2动词ing作形容词:表示正在进行或表示功能,常作定语。

the crying boy, a running bus, the rising sun, a bus running on the road,

the boy crying in the corner (以上表示正在进行)

a sitting room, the bathing suit, a cutting machine, writing paper…… (本行表示功能)

16.动词ed与动词ing作形容词用法之二: 由一些及物动词派生而来,和心理感受有关,但ed修饰人,ing常修饰物。 以下词凡是译为“使…”的及物动词,其ed形式的形容词都译为“感到…的”,其ing形式的形容词都译为“令人(感到)…的”。以下带-ed形式的词的各个短语一般都译为“对…感到…”。

exciting

surprising

amazing

embarrassing

encouraging

frustrating

interesting

thrilling

terrifying

pleasing, = pleasant

satisfying

frightening

tiring

boring

relaxing

fascinating

annoying

moving

worrying

confusing

excited (be ~d about)

surprised (be ~d at)

amazed (be ~d at)

embarrassed(be ~ed in)

encouraged(be ~ed at / by)

frustrated (be ~d of)

interested (be ~ed in)

thrilled (be ~ed at)

terrified (be terrified at/ of / with)

pleased (be ~d with)

satisfied(be satisfied with)

frightened (be ~ed at / of )

tired (be ~d of)

bored (be ~d with)

relaxed (无固定搭配)

fascinated (be ~d by)

annoyed (be ~ed with)

moved (be ~d by)

worried (be worried about)

confused (be confused about)

及物动词, 后接人 ed形式及常见短语 ing形式

excite(使兴奋,使激动)

surprise(使惊讶,使吃惊)

amaze(使吃惊)

embarrass(使尴尬)

encourage(使受鼓舞, 鼓励)

frustrate(使失望,使沮丧)

interest(使感兴趣)

thrill(使激动/ 紧张)

terrify(使恐怖,使害怕)

please (使高兴,使满意)

satisfy (使满意)

frighten (使害怕,使惊惧)

tire(使厌烦)

bore(使厌烦)

relax(使放松)

fascinate(使着迷)

annoy(使烦恼)

move(使感动)

worry(使担忧)

—5—

confuse(使困惑)

His words amazed me. The news frustrated us very much. (都是及物动词,后接人)

His words were amazing. (修饰物) I was amazed at his words. (修饰人)

How exciting the film is! (修饰物) He was moved by the movie. (修饰人)

17.动词ing和带to不定式作主语:

To be a teacher is my dream. Working hard brings you success.

Taking care of our environment is very important. To plant trees makes me happy.

Reading books gives you knowledge. (以上各句谓语都用单数,见黑体部分)

Listening and writing are both difficult. (此句主语因指两件事,谓语用复数)

18.later / after / ago / before: 1later“…时间后”结构:时间段+later

常用于一般过去时。They went to Beijing five days later.

(later前无时间段,单独在句尾,常用于将来时:I’ll see you later.)

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