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2014年中考英语预测试题(带答案)

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2014-06-02

四、阅读理解(20小题;每小题2分,共40分)

阅读下面四篇语言材料,然后按文后要求做题。

A

A hare was very popular with the other animals who all said they were her friends.But one day she heard the hounds(猎犬)getting close and hoped to escape them by the aid of her many friends. So,she went to the horse,and asked him to carry her away from the hounds on his back.But he refused,because he had important work to do for his master. He felt sure that all her other friends would come to help her.

She then came to the bull,and hoped that he would repel the hounds with his horns (角).The bull replied,"I am very sorry,but I have an appointment with a lady;but I feel sure that our friend the goat will do what you want." The goat,however,feared that his back might do her some harm if he took her upon it.The sheep,he felt sure,was the proper friend to ask for help.

So she went to the sheep and told him the situation.The sheep replied,"Another time,my dear friend. I do not like to have anything to do with it,as hounds have been known to eat sheep as well as hares."

The hare then went,as a last hope,to the calf (小牛),who regretted that he was unable to help her,as he did not like to take the responsibility (责任) upon himself,as so many older persons than himself had refused the task.By this time the hounds were quite near,and the hare took to her heels and luckily escaped.

根据材料内容选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

46.What do we know about the hare?

A.She was strong enough to face all the dangers.

B.She was friendly and all animals loved to help her.

C.She was ready to help other animals when necessary.

D.She got along well with other animals and had a lot of friends.

47.What happened to the hare one day?

A.The horse carried her away on his back.

B.Her enemy came near and she was in danger.

C.She had an argument with her friend,the bull.

D.The goat hurt her when taking her upon his back.

48.What does the underlined word "repel" mean in Chinese?

A.击退   B.厌恶   C.排斥   D.拒绝

49.What do you think of the sheep?

A.Helpless.  B.Brave.   C.Friendly. D.Smart.

50.What does the story want to tell us?

A.Don't judge a book by its cover.

B.One's mind works fast in time of danger.

C.Sometimes enemies can become good friends.

D.Having too many friends means no friends sometimes.

B

Junior school students in Harbin,Heilongjiang,had a "long weekend".They had four days off from Oct.19-22.It was not for any festival,but was caused by serious smog.

The smog was caused by high levels of PM 2.5 in the air.

PM 2.5 is small particles(微粒) of pollution in the air with a diameter (直径) of 2.5 micrometers or less.Waste gas from cars and factories is the biggest cause of PM 2.5 pollution. On Oct.17,the World Health Organization named air pollution a cause of cancer.

To better protect children,cities are taking action.

On Oct.21,Harbin Education Bureau decided to close primary and junior high schools for two days.

Beijing started a program on Oct.22 which has a warning system with four levels.The red warning is the highest warning level.It means that the next three days will see serious pollution.

When a red warning is issued(发布),schools will close.

If there's pollution that's not as serious,the Beijing Commission of Education will ask schools to stop PE classes and outdoor activities.

How will students be informed?

"First,the Commission of Education will inform schools online," Ye Yan,head of Beijing Shijingshanqu Experimental Primary School,told Beijing Times."Then teachers will text students’ parents."

Will the days off affect the study plan?

"Missing school days will be made up during the summer or winter vacations,"  said Wang Hao,a physical education teacher in Beijing Chaoyang district.

For students in Harbin who had the long weekend,they would go to school on the next two Saturdays.

根据材料内容选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

51 .Why did students in Harbin have a long weekend?

A. Because the weather was extremely cold.   B. Because a special festival came.

C.Because the winter vacation began.         D.Because there happened serious smog.

52.Which of the following is TRUE about PM 2.5?

A.It makes water polluted.       B.People can see it with eyes.

C.It only comes from factories.     D.It can cause serious diseases.

53.When a red warning is issued in Beijing,what will happen?

A.All of the work will be stopped.    B.People aren't allowed to go outside.

C.Schools will be closed for a few days.  D.Air pollution will be seen in a few weeks.

54.What does the underlined word "text" mean in Chinese?

A.写信   B.发信息  C.写文章  D.发邮件

55.What is the reading mainly about?

A.What PM 2.5 is made up of.    B.How people fight against air pollution.

C.What influence the smog brings to school.  D.How schools deal with the missing school days.

C

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根据材料内容选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

56.Where are the teachers needed to teach?

A.In France.     B.In Japan.        C.In Germany.     D.In England.

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