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中考2014备考英语预测试题试卷及答案

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2014-03-28

三、完形填空(10小题;每小题1分,共10分)

先通读短文,掌握其大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

As my friend was passing some elephants,he suddenly stopped.He was confused by the fact that these huge animals were being held by nothing but a small rope.The rope was tied to their front legs. It was  36  that the elephants could break away from the ropes at any time.But for some   37   ,they did not.

My friend saw a trainer nearby and asked why these elephants just stood there and didn't   38   to get away.

“Well,” he said,“when they are very    39    and much smaller,we use the same size rope to tie them.At that age,it's enough to hold them.As they grow up,they are used to   40   that they cannot break away.They believe the rope can  41   hold them,so they never try to break free.”

My friend was amazed.These animals could at any time break free, 42   because they believed they couldn't,they were stuck right where they were.

Like the elephants,how many of us go  43   life hanging onto a belief that we cannot do something,simply because we  44  at it once before? How many of us are being held back by old,outdated   45   that no longer serve us?

36.A.clear    B.necessary   C.interesting   D.important

37.A.business   B.time    C.duty    D.reason

38.A.try    B.continue   C.remember   D.refuse

39.A.strong   B.sleepy   C.young   D.tired

40.A.guessing   B.believing   C.proving   D.regretting

41.A.ever    B.even    C.never    D.still

42.A.but    B.and    C.or    D.so

43.A.across   B.into    C.through   D.over

44.A.failed   B.laughed   C.aimed   D.looked

45.A.dreams   B.instructions  C.beliefs   D.chances

四、阅读理解(20小题;每小题2分,共40分)

阅读下面四篇语言材料,然后按文后要求做题。

A

A hare was very popular with the other animals who all said they were her friends.But one day she heard the hounds(猎犬)getting close and hoped to escape them by the aid of her many friends. So,she went to the horse,and asked him to carry her away from the hounds on his back.But he refused,because he had important work to do for his master. He felt sure that all her other friends would come to help her.

She then came to the bull,and hoped that he would repel the hounds with his horns (角).The bull replied,"I am very sorry,but I have an appointment with a lady;but I feel sure that our friend the goat will do what you want." The goat,however,feared that his back might do her some harm if he took her upon it.The sheep,he felt sure,was the proper friend to ask for help.

So she went to the sheep and told him the situation.The sheep replied,"Another time,my dear friend. I do not like to have anything to do with it,as hounds have been known to eat sheep as well as hares."

The hare then went,as a last hope,to the calf (小牛),who regretted that he was unable to help her,as he did not like to take the responsibility (责任) upon himself,as so many older persons than himself had refused the task.By this time the hounds were quite near,and the hare took to her heels and luckily escaped.

根据材料内容选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

46.What do we know about the hare?

A.She was strong enough to face all the dangers.

B.She was friendly and all animals loved to help her.

C.She was ready to help other animals when necessary.

D.She got along well with other animals and had a lot of friends.

47.What happened to the hare one day?

A.The horse carried her away on his back.

B.Her enemy came near and she was in danger.

C.She had an argument with her friend,the bull.

D.The goat hurt her when taking her upon his back.

48.What does the underlined word "repel" mean in Chinese?

A.击退   B.厌恶   C.排斥   D.拒绝

49.What do you think of the sheep?

A.Helpless.  B.Brave.   C.Friendly. D.Smart.

50.What does the story want to tell us?

A.Don't judge a book by its cover.

B.One's mind works fast in time of danger.

C.Sometimes enemies can become good friends.

D.Having too many friends means no friends sometimes.

B

Junior school students in Harbin,Heilongjiang,had a "long weekend".They had four days off from Oct.19-22.It was not for any festival,but was caused by serious smog.

The smog was caused by high levels of PM 2.5 in the air.

PM 2.5 is small particles(微粒) of pollution in the air with a diameter (直径) of 2.5 micrometers or less.Waste gas from cars and factories is the biggest cause of PM 2.5 pollution. On Oct.17,the World Health Organization named air pollution a cause of cancer.

To better protect children,cities are taking action.

On Oct.21,Harbin Education Bureau decided to close primary and junior high schools for two days.

Beijing started a program on Oct.22 which has a warning system with four levels.The red warning is the highest warning level.It means that the next three days will see serious pollution.

When a red warning is issued(发布),schools will close.

If there's pollution that's not as serious,the Beijing Commission of Education will ask schools to stop PE classes and outdoor activities.

How will students be informed?

"First,the Commission of Education will inform schools online," Ye Yan,head of Beijing Shijingshanqu Experimental Primary School,told Beijing Times."Then teachers will text students’ parents."

Will the days off affect the study plan?

"Missing school days will be made up during the summer or winter vacations,"  said Wang Hao,a physical education teacher in Beijing Chaoyang district.

For students in Harbin who had the long weekend,they would go to school on the next two Saturdays.

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