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2014北京中考一模英语预测试题及答案

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2014-03-28

北京中考一模英语预测试题及答案

学校______________   班级______________   姓名_____________

一、听力(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

第一节

根据每小题你所听到的对话,从A、B、C三幅图中找出与所听内容相符的选项。每段对话读一遍。

(运动)1. A.                B.                  C.

第二节

听下面的对话.每段对话后有几个小题,根据你所听到的内容,从所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话前,你有时间朗读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

(打电话)  听第6段材料,回答6 ~ 7题。

6. Who went to the supermarket?

A. Jane.        B. Amy.        C. Tom.

7. What does the woman want?

A. She wants to go to the supermarket.

B. She wants to take a message.

C. She wants Amy to call her back.

(谈论电影和导演) 听第7段材料,回答8 ~ 10题。

8. What are they going to do this afternoon?

A. Do housework.     B. See a film.     C. Watch TV.

9. What’s Brokeback Mountain?

A. A Chinese play.   B. A popular film.   C. An American mountain.

10. What award did Ang Lee win?

A. An Oscar for Best Actor.

B. An Oscar for Best Actress.

C. An Oscar for Best Director.

(问路指路)   听第8段材料,回答11 ~ 15题。

11. What does the man want to buy?

A. Books.             B. Maps.           C. Postcards.

12. How far is the bookshop from here?

A. About an hour on foot.  B. About half an hour by bus.  C. We don’t know.

13. Why does the man take the bus?

A. Because it is ¥1 cheaper than taking a taxi.

B. Because it is ¥14 cheaper than taking a taxi.

C. Because it is ¥15 cheaper than taking a taxi.

14. Which bus will the man take to go to the bookshop?

A. No.3 bus.        B. No.13 bus.         C. No.30 bus.

15. How does the man get to the bus stop?

A. Walk across the road and turn left.

B. Walk over the footbridge and turn right.

C. Cross the road at the traffic lights.

第三节

(故事)  听第9段材料,根据你所听到的内容,从所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。本段材料读两遍。

16. Where does the old woman live?

A. She lives with Jack in a tall building on Beijing Road.

B. She lives alone in a tall building on Beijing Road.

C. She lives in a house in a middle school.

17. Which floor does she live on?

A. The twelfth floor.    B. The tenth floor.     C. The second floor.

18. Who has a cat?

A. Jack      B. Kitty        C. Mary

19. When did the robbery take place?

A. Last Thursday evening.    B. Yesterday evening.  C. Last Tuesday evening.

20. What happened to the robber at last?

A. He was caught by the police.

B. He was caught by Jack.

C. He was caught by the neighbours.

二、单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

(冠词)21. Yesterday ______ 8-year-old boy fell into the river. ______ boy was saved by ______ policeman.

A. an, A, a  B. an, The, a  C. a, The, the  D. a, An, the

(代词)22. --- Did the actor live alone in his house?

--- Yes. He has a wife and two children. But _______ of them live with him.

A. none   B. all   C. both   D. no one

(连词)23. Red represents power ______ it is also the colour of heat and strong feelings.

A. so   B. or    C. but   D. and

(时态)24. They were too late. When they got to the fashion show, it ________.

A. was over  B. had been over C. has been over D. will be over.

(情态动词)25. Millie is free this weekend. She _______ watch the game show on TV on Sunday.

A. ought to  B. need   C. might   D. has to

(形容词词义)26. The line of cars in the street was endless. It seemed to be         to walk across the street.

A. hopeful    B. hopeless    C. helpful    D. helpless

(交际用语)27. --- Good luck with your new diet, Ricky.

---

A. Thanks, Millie. B. You’re welcome. C. My pleasure .  D. Oh, really?

(宾语从句)28. --- What did he say?

--- He asked          .

A. if did your uncle catch the “bird flu” virus

B. who has been sent up into space in “Shenzhou-VI”

C. when Zhalong Nature Reserve became one of the world’s important wetlands

D. that the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing

(句型结构)29. I think ______ is necessary ______ us to do something to protect birds.

A. this, for   B. it, of   C. this, of   D. it, for

(词形与词义辨别)30. He got good marks in exams because he put all his ______ into his study.

A. affect    B. effect      C. effort      D. offer

(动词词义)31. I       out of the window and       the police       after the suspect.

A. looked, watched, run  B. looked, saw, running

C. watched, saw, run     D. saw, watched, running

(用法比较)32. Dr Ma _______ in a hospital, but now he works for ORBIS on the plane.

A. used to work   B. used to working   C. was used to working  D. was used to work

(同级比较)33. I like skiing better than climbing because I think climbing is ____________skiing.

A. not as exciting as                  B. not as more exciting as

C. not as most exciting as              D. more exciting than

(状语和名词的数)34. The traffic ______ very bad ______ the snowstorm.

A. was, because  B. was, because of C. were, because D. were, because of

(交际用语)35. Which of the following is not used for giving advice?

A. You had better not watch a horror film since you get scared easily.

B. You mustn’t give your goldfish too much food.

C. The swimming pool isn’t open today. I don’t know where to go swimming.

D. Perhaps you should buy some souvenirs for your parents.

三、完型填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) (有关乡村音乐)

Country music is very old. It came from the United States, Canada, Ireland and Great Britain. It is a mixture of __36__ from all of these places.

In the west of America, cowboys had to take care of the cattle (牛). They had to watch them all day and all night because the cattle were nervous and ___37___ ran away. A cowboy’s life was ___38__ and dangerous. When he was alone in the desert with the cattle, he drank strong coffee to __39___ awake (清醒的) at night. He also sang songs to the cattle to make them quiet. He sang about the stars and the moon, about his family and his friends. The cattle      ___40____the cowboy and went to sleep. They would not run away __41__ he sang beautiful and peaceful songs.

In the south of America, many people came from Ireland, Scotland and England. Other people came from France and Canada. They enjoyed their own kind of music. They used guitars, violins and other musical instruments (器具), too. They also added instruments from their homes, __42__ bottles and plates. When they __43__ their friends and families on holidays, they usually sang and played country music.

Country music describes life __44__. It talks about love, jobs, home and money. It talks about friends and enemies, trucks and highways, farms and crops. People in many parts of the world like country music because everyone knows ___45__ about these ideas. Also, many country music fans wear Western clothes and dance together to country music. Many bands (乐队) all over the world now perform country music.

36. A. music       B. view     C. sport       D. exercise

37. A. never       B. seldom   C. sometimes   D. ever

38. A. funny      B. lonely    C. happy      D. noisy

39. A. smell       B. keep      C. seem       D. sound

40. A. ran to       B. followed   C. watched    D. listened to

41. A. that        B. whether    C. if         D. what

42. A. like        B. unlike      C. as        D. for example

43. A. came       B. went      C. introduced   D. visited

44. A. incorrectly   B. clearly     C. shortly      D. recently

45. A. nothing     B. everything   C. something   D. anything

四、阅读理解(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

A (电视节目表)

Sunshine TV Golden TV

18:30  Cartoon World: Hello Kitty 18:00  TV Classroom: Modern English

19:00  Today’s News   18:30  Animal World

19:30  Weather Report 19:00  Documentary: In Asia

19:40  Food and Health 19:40  News in English

20:10  Drama series: The Three Kingdoms 20:10  Sports World: Football Match

( England — Italy )

21:25  Game Show: Lucky Winner 22:00  Chat Show

23:00  China Music TV 22:30  News Round-up

23:30  On the Screen Next Week 23:00  Film: Roman Holiday

46. “Modern English” is a programme that __________.

A. tells you something about English classroom   B. lets you know English news

C. teaches you English                       D. makes foreign friends

47. If you’re interested in football games, you’ll choose _______ first.

A. Food and Health  B. Sports World  C. Today’s News  D. Game Show

48. Our class is going to have a picnic tomorrow. We should pay attention to the program at “__________”.

A. 19:00 on Sunshine TV    B.19:30 on Sunshine TV

B. 19:00 on Golden TV     D. 18:30 on Golden TV

49. Millie likes Audrey Hepburn very much. She can watch TV at __________.

A. 20:00 on Sunshine TV      B. 19:40 on Golden TV

C. 23:00 on Sunshine TV      D. 23:00 on Golden TV

50. Li Ming’s grandfather likes watching TV news , but he goes to bed before 22:00 every day.

How many times can he watch TV news on these two channels ?

A. Once.     B. Twice.    C. Three times.      D. Four times.

B(寓言故事)

Once a tiger was in a cage. Soon a good man went by. As soon as the tiger saw the man, the tiger began to cry. “Please! Please!” the tiger called. “Please, let me out.” “No,” said the good man. “If I do, you will eat me.” “I will not eat you,” the tiger said. “Please let me out.”

The good man believed the tiger. He opened the door of the cage. The tiger jumped out. “How silly you are,” the tiger laughed. “Now I am going to eat you.” “Wait!” the man cried. “You ought not to eat me. Let us ask others what they think.” “You may ask three others. ” the tiger said.

The good man asked a tree. The tree said, “I give shade (树荫). And yet I am cut down. Let the tiger eat you.”

Next, the good man asked a bird. The bird said, “I hurt no one. Yet people hunt and kill me. Let the tiger eat you.”

The last one that the good man asked was a road. The road said, “I don’t care if the tiger eats you. People could not get along too well without me. Yet all day and all night people step on me without even a ‘thank you’.”

The tiger was ready to eat the good man. Just then a dog came by. “What is happening?” asked the dog. The man told the dog the whole story.

“I don’t understand,” said the dog. “The tiger wants to eat you because you put him in a cage?”

“No, no,” said the man. “Some other men put him in a cage.”

“Oh,” the dog said. “He is going to eat you because you do not have a cage.”

“Silly dog!” the tiger cried. “Don’t you understand? I was in the cage. This man let me out.”

“Oh, I see,” the dog said. “When the man was in the cage, you let him out.”

“I was in the cage!” the tiger cried. “In this way!” with that, he jumped back into the cage.

At once, the dog closed the door of the cage. “Oh,” the dog laughed. “At last I understand!”

The good man and the dog walked off. The tiger looked sad in the cage. If he waited long enough, perhaps another good man would come by.

51. When the tiger saw the man, he began to cry, because _____________.

A. he wanted the man to help him out of the cage      B. he wanted to eat the man

C. he wanted to eat the dog                       D. he wanted to eat the bird

52. After the tiger jumped out of the cage, he wanted _____________.

A. to thank the man   B. to eat the man    C. to ask the others     D. to run away

53. The tree ____________ with the tiger because _______ to the tree.

A. agreed; humans were kind     B. agreed; humans were not kind

C. disagreed; humans were kind   D. disagreed; humans were not kind

54. The bird let the tiger eat the man because __________.

A. people helped birds         B. it liked tigers

C. it liked the man            D. people hunted and killed him

55. What happened to the tiger at last?

A. The dog agreed that the tiger could eat the good man.

B. The tiger jumped back into the cage and was closed in the cage again.

C. The tiger ate the good man and the dog.

D. The tiger made friends with the good man and the dog.

C(人物介绍)

Edith Cavell was born in a little English village. She was a clever, hard-working girl and did well at school, especially in music and French. After she left school, her first job was to take care of the children of a rich family in Belgium(比利时). The language they spoke was French, so she found that her school studies were useful. She could understand them easily, at the same time she taught the children to speak English and play the piano.

After hearing that her father was seriously ill, Edith returned home to look after him. She then decided to become a nurse. Afterwards for five years she worked in an English hospital where she proved to be highly professional(专业的)at her job. A Belgian doctor was so impressed(印象深的)that he invited her to his country to organize a training school for nurses. The First World War (第一次世界大战) broke out in 1914 and Edith Cavell’s school of nursing became a hospital. She stayed there to look after the sick and wounded soldiers (伤员). Edith treated them with kindness. Between November 1914 and August 1915 she secretly helped about 200 wounded soldiers and prisoners (囚犯) escape from the Germans. Later the German army found out what Edith had done and they arrested her. Finally, the Germans killed her, but they could not kill her memory. A tall statue(雕塑)has been built in Trafalgar Square, London, in honor(纪念)of the brave English nurse.

56. Edith Cavell was from __________.

A. France      B. England      C. Belgium    D. Germany

57. Edith Cavell’s first job was to __________.

A. teach French            B. look after the children of a rich family

C. teach English            D. look after the sick and wounded soldiers

58. Why did Edith return home from Belgium?

A. Because she found work in an English hospital.

B. Because she organized a training school for nurses.

C. Because the First World War broke out.

D. Because her father was seriously ill.

59. What’s the Chinese meaning of “kill her memory” in this passage?

A. 杀死她   B. 使她失去记忆   C. 抹去对她的记忆   D. 摧残她

60. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. Edith was good at music and German at school.

B. Edith was a highly professional doctor.

C. Edith was invited to her country to organize a training school for nurses.

D. People have built a tall statue in honor of Edith.

五、填空与改错(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

A) 根据括号中所给的汉语或英文解释写出英文单词,使句子意思完整正确。

(名词)61. I like _______________ (冬天) best because I am fond of skating.

(数词)62. ___________ ( the number after 89) percent of students recommended Chen Dan for this year’s Youth Award.

(形容词比较级)63. Red-crowned cranes look ______________ ( 更漂亮 ) than seagulls.

(动词)64. Mr Dong _____________ ( 想念 ) his old friends very much because they have moved to places far away.

(动词)65. Would you mind _________(告诉)me how to use the computer ?

B) 根据句子意思用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

(名词所有格)66. Boys and girls dress up in new clothes on ____________ Day.  ( child )

(反身代词)67. Are you afraid of going out at night by __________?  ( you )

(被动语态)68. This article _____________ by an exchange student last week.   ( write )

(过去分词)69. Don’t drink the ____________ water. It will make you ill.     ( pollute )

(动词—名词)70. The fans gathered around the ____________ in order to get their signatures.  ( win )

C) 下列各句的A、B、C、D中有一处错误,在不改变句子意思的前提下,将正确答案写在题后的横线上。

71. Look! The shoes on the shelf are so pretty. Let me try on them.          _

72. It’s too hot. Why not stay at home and watch TV instead of play football.   ___

73. The story was very frightening that all of them screamed.               ___

74. The principal isn’t in at the moment. He has been to an important meeting.   ____

75. Camp in the open air is the most interesting of all the outdoor activities.    ___

D) 从下面方框中选择适当的词组填入对话中。

lots of   well   focus     idea     practice

( A student asks his teacher for advice. )

S: How can I improve my English? I don’t think I speak it    76   .

T: There are a few ways. Do you want to    77    on speaking?

S: Yes. I want to speak with foreigners.

T: All right. An important thing is to    78   . Do you or your parents know any foreigners?

S: No.

T: Then you can try the Internet. There are    79    ways to practice: chatrooms, e-mails, and so on.

S: But a lot of those are writing.

T: True, but it is not formal writing, so you can see how people really speak. Also, in some chatrooms, you can talk to people. Does your computer have a microphone?

S: Yes, it does. That’s a good ____80___ .Thanks!

六、阅读短文(共15小题;第81 --- 85小题每小题2分,第86 --- 95小题每小题1分,满分20分)

(A)根据短文内容,按要求答题。   (自然灾害)

One year there was a terrible flood in the countryside. For a week it rained every day. The river rose and burst its banks (冲垮河岸). The whole countryside was flooded.

Most of the people escaped from the flood in boats. One old man, however, didn’t want to go with them. He sat on the (83) roof of his house and waited for the water to go down.

He was very religious (信宗教的). “1 shall stay here,” he said. “God will save me.”

The rain continued. The floodwater rose higher and higher. Soon the water reached the roof of the man's house.

Two men rowed a boat up to the man's house, trying to save him. “Come with us,” they said. “The water is still rising. You'll drown (淹死).” The old man shook his head. “No,” he said. “God will save me.” Sadly, the men rowed away. (84) They thought the old man was crazy, but there was nothing they could do. Soon the water covered the roof of the old man's house.

A helicopter (直升机) arrived and the pilot put down a rope. “Climb up,” he shouted to the old man. “The water is still rising. You'll drown.” But the old man still didn’t want to leave his house. “God will save me,” he cried, and the helicopter flew away.

(85) rising (上涨的), The, man, in, old, next, drowned ,day, the, the, water. He went to heaven (天堂).

81. Why didn’t the old man want to leave his house?

_______________________________________________________________________

82. How did the two men try to save the old man?

_______________________________________________________________________

83. What’s the meaning of “roof”in Chinese?

_______________________________________________________________________

84. 翻译成汉语:

_______________________________________________________________________

85. 组词成句:

______________________________________________________________________.

(B)根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。    (有关时尚)

Why do people wear clothes? The answer will probably be “To m__86__ me warm and to cover my body ”. That’s why people wear clothes, but people a_87__ want to look attractive and appear successful to others.

If people only wore clothes for warmth and to cover their bodies, most clothes would be simple and c 88  . In many countries, however, clothes are sometimes very expensive. The main r  89   for this is not the cost of the materials or the cost of making clothes. The clothes are expensive because of fashion.

Successful businessmen, for example, often wear very expensive suits, shirts and ties. So they pay thousands of dollars f  90 _ a suit and hundreds of dollars for a tie. It’s still just a suit and a tie but they pay these prices because of the f  91  designer.

Fashion is constantly (持续不断的) c__92__. It means that people who want to be fashionable have to buy new clothes every few months, e___93____ if last month’s clothes have only been worn once or twice. Some people have boxes f__94___ of clothes, but some of these clothes have never been worn. These clothes are no l__95__ in fashion though they are still new.

86 m 87 a 88 c 89 r 90 f

91 f 92 c 93 e 94 f 95 l

七、书面表达  (满分10分)

假如你是Sigmund,Nick有些问题使他烦恼,他给你发了一个电子邮件,请根据其内容,给予回复。邮件的开头及结尾已给出(不计入总词数)。

要求:

1. 词数80左右。

2. 条理清楚,语意连贯,句式规范,字迹工整。

Dear Sigmund Friend,

My name is Nick and I hope you can help me solve some problems that I have at school.

I am the top student in my class at school. My favorite subjects are English and Math. Although I do well in exams, I have some problems.

I am not very good at sports. I cannot run fast and hate playing ball games. Also, my classmates call me “four eyes” because I wear glasses. This makes me feel unhappy. Besides, I find it difficult to make friends. I feel lonely sometimes.

What do you think I should do? I hope to hear from you soon.

Nick

Dear Nick,

Good luck!

2010年北京英语一模解密预测试卷(一)

英语卷听力材料及参考答案

听力原稿

第一节

根据每小题你所听到的对话,从A、B、C三幅图中找出与所听内容相符的选项。每段对话读一遍。

1. Woman: Do you play table tennis after school?

Man:   No, I don’t. I play badminton after school.

2. Woman: What is your favourite food?

Man:   I love vegetables best.

3. Woman: What does your father do?

Man:   He is a famous cook.

4. Woman: Is there anything about animals in the book?

Man:   Yes, there is. It says that goldfish can only remember things for three seconds.

5. Woman: Don’t smoke here. Please look at the sign.

Man:   Oh, sorry.

第二节

听下面的对话.每段对话后有几个小题,根据你所听到的内容,从所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话前,你有时间朗读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答6 ~ 7题。

Man:   Hello? This is Tom.

Woman: Hello, Tom. May I speak to Amy, please?

Man:   Who’s calling, please?

Woman: This is Jane.

Man:   Hello, Jane. Amy isn’t at home. She went to the supermarket just now. Can I take a message?

Woman: Yes. Please ask her to call me. My number is 86663798.

Man:   OK. I’ll ask her to call you back. Goodbye.

Woman: Thank you. Goodbye.

听第7段材料,回答8 ~ 10题。

Man:   Are you free this afternoon?

Woman: Yes. Why?

Man:   Shall we go to the cinema together? I haven’t seen a film for a long time.

Woman: That’s a good idea. I’m very tired these days. Do you know what’s on at the cinema?

Man:   Brokeback Mountain. It’s the latest popular film. I want to see it very much.

Woman: Is it the famous film directed by Ang Lee.

Man:   Yes. He won an Oscar for Best Director for this film.

Woman: Oh, he is my favourite director.

Man:   Me too. He is very great because he is the first director in Asia to win this award.

听第8段材料,回答11 ~ 15题。

Man:   Where can I buy some postcards?

Woman: Go to the bookshop in the shopping mall at Sunshine Street. You’ll find a lot of postcards there.

Man:   Is the shopping mall far from here?

Woman: Yes. It takes about an hour to walk there.

Man:   How much does it cost to go there by taxi?

Woman: It’s probably at least ¥15. I advise you to take a bus there. It’s only ¥1.

Man:   Which bus shall I take?

Woman: You can take No. 13 bus.

Man:   Where shall I take the bus?

Woman: Walk over this footbridge and turn right. You will see the bus stop.

Man:   Thank you very much.

第三节

听第9段材料,根据你所听到的内容,从所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。本段材料读两遍。

Jack is a middle school student. He lives on the twelfth floor in a tall building on Beijing Road. Aunt Mary also lives in the building. She lives two floors below Jack. She is old and she lives alone. She has a very lovely cat named Kitty. Jack often goes to Mary’s flat to do something for her. He loves the cat very much. And the cat loves him, too.

Last Thursday evening, Jack finished his homework and went to bed. Suddenly he heard someone knocking at the door. He opened the door. He was surprised to find a cat at the door. It was the cat Kitty. Jack thought there was something wrong with Mary. He telephoned her, but no one answered it. Jack ran out with the cat and rushed down the stairs to Mary’s flat. Just before he got to the door, he found a man with a bag running out of Mary’s house. Jim shouted, “Catch the robber! Catch the robber!” Some neighbours woke up and came out.Someone called “110 ”, and the police caught the robber at last.

参考答案:

一、1---5 CCAAA  6---10 BCBBC  11---15 CABBB  16---20 BBCAA

二、21---25 BADBC  26---30 BACDC  31---35 BAABC

三、36---40 ACBBD  41---45 CADBC

四、46---50 CBBDB  51---55 ABBDB  56---60 BBDCD

五、(A) 61. winter   62. Ninety   63. more beautiful/nicer/prettier   64. misses   65. telling

(B) 66. Children’s  67. yourself / yourselves  68. was written  69. polluted 70. winners

(C) 71.D on them --- them on  72.D play --- playing,  73.A very--- so  74.C Chas been --- has gone 75.A Camp --- Camping/To camp

(D) 76. well  77.focus  78. practice  79.lots of  80. idea

六、(A) 81. Because he believed/ thought God would save him.

82. They rowed a boat up to the man’s house.

83. 房顶

84. 他们认为这个老人疯了,可是他们无能为力。

85. The next day the old man drowned in the rising water.

(B) 86. make   87. also   88. cheap   89. reason   90. for

91. famous  92.changing  93. even  94.full  95.longer

七、评分原则:

要点掌握: 对Nick的信任, 来信请教表示感谢 --- 1分;

提出的解决办法用建议的方式.

同学们叫 “四眼”没有必要不开心, 他们没有恶意; --- 2分

最好经常参加各种体育活动, 不仅对健康有益, 而且在活动中能交到朋友, 就不会感到孤单了。--- 4分

结尾, 希望建议能对Nick有帮助. 希望Nick很快有改善.--- 2分

其它 ( 包括书写、分段、大小写、标点等 )         --------1分

全篇拼写错误每四个扣1分;句子结构、时态、语态错误每1处扣1分

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