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2014年中考英语作文预测点评

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2014-03-18

2014年中考英语作文预测点评

预测1

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic

Advertisement. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 广告的作用

2. 广告的形式多样

3. 广告的夸张性

Advertisement

Advertisements are forcing their way into people’s lives. People refer to advertisements in their daily lives because they are consumers. The advertisers are usually manufacturers, retailers and salesmen. Their merchandise needs to be advertised to bring it to the attention to the customers. Thus nearly every product is advertised in some way. To a large extent, good advertising leads to success while bad advertising can mean failure.

There are many ways to advertise and ‘ads’ come in different forms. Newspapers carry advertisements. Some products are publicized on TV and radio which bring them into notice of a wide audience. Billboards also carry advertising. Advertising is a big industry now and many agencies have been set up to furnish a variety of forms..

However, advertising is not always truthful. A product is often misrepresented. The advertiser exaggerates the benefits of the merchandise he wants to sell. Thus, he misrepresents the truth. The consumer falls victim to such advertising. Millions of people have bought advertised products and have been dissatisfied with them。

点评:这是一篇说明文,用说明的表达方式来解说事物,阐明事理。写好说明文,不仅要抓住特征,注意条理,而且要巧妙运用说明方法,像下定义、举例子、作比较、分类别、列数字、打比方等

预测2

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic College Students’ Job Hunting. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

1. 近几年出现了大学生就业难的现象

2. 产生这种现象的原因(如大学生追求的目标过高,专业不对口等)

3. 如何解决这一问题(改变就业观念,大学生再培训等)

College Students’ Job Hunting

In recent years, college students find it increasingly difficult to get a job. It sounds strange since young college students are usually intelligent, well-educated phenomenon, aspirant and eager to bring their talent into full play. Then what underlies the strange phenomenon?

There are several reasons for this. To begin with, nowadays college students aim too high. All they want are “good” jobs which could offer good salary, comfortable working conditions, high social status among others. Consequently, most college students are unwilling to accept vacant jobs they consider not “good” enough. Another reason is that there is a big gap between the majors some students study in school and the demands of vacant jobs. So companies think some students are not fit for the jobs.

Solution to the problem requires efforts on both the society and the students. The companies should value the students, talent and knowledge while the latter should not merely aim at material gains. They should be down-to–earth in building up their career. Furthermore, they should face their weak points so as to improve themselves and be more competent.

点评:本预测题为社会热点话题。近年来大学生就业难日益成为各级政府及社会各方面关注的焦点,媒体也广泛报道了大学生就业形势严峻,呼吁全社会共同努力.

预测3

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of traffic jam. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

1.在现代社会,城市交通问题变得越来越严重

2.城市交通问题的表现以及对人们生活的影响

3.解决的方法与措施

Traffic Jam

There is no doubt that traffic congestion becomes a growing worry for the residents of most urban areas. Some major roads are regularly choked with traffic in rush hours. The limited transport capacity contributes largely to the vexing problem. How to solve the headache?.

The existing solutions to traffic jam mainly aim at creating metro bus systems and broadening major roads. Widening the existing roads can solve traffic snarls on some level. Soaring car ownership compounds the chronic annoying problem, so we must sharply reduce the heavy reliance on cars and drive a shift to the mass transportation. It is a cheap and good way. We can create a system of customized bus routes and highlight the development of subways, trolleys and light rail. The effective combination of these solutions will enable the urban areas to possess a smooth traffic.

点评:近年来,随着私家车的日益增多,城市交通拥堵凸显,出行难越来越成为人们关注的焦点。

预测4

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Environmental Protection. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

1. 全球变暖对地球环境造成了很大影响

2. 引起全球变暖的原因

3. 我们需要采取的措施

Environmental Protection

No one,regardless of race, religion or nationality, can deny that the world we live in is becoming increasingly intolerable because of the effects of global warming. According to many experts, even greater impacts are still on the way.

There are numerous causes for this problem. On one hand, human-related emissions of carbon into the atmosphere is causing, and will in the future cause, significant global warming according to the theory. On the other hand, the lack of knowledge about the importance of protecting environment hinders the solving of the problem.

It is urgent that immediate and effective actions should be taken right away. First, more trees need to be planted to help improve and beautify the environment. Besides, stricter laws concerning global warming and irresponsible use of fuel resources have to be put into effect and achieved good results. In a word, there is a long way to go before we can take a comfortable world for granted again .

点评,全球气候异常,造成许多自然灾害的频繁,保护环境刻不容缓,已成为全社会乃至全人类共同关注的热点。

预测5

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of

Credit Cards. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 越来越多的人使用信用卡, 信用卡有哪些好处

2. 信用卡的弊端

3. 你自己的观点

Credit Cards

Personal credit cards are becoming more common in China. Banks and other financial institutions are encouraging their customers to change the way they buy things. Credit cards, otherwise known as “plastic money”, are being offered on very good terms to encourage the change. Consumers will be able to “buy now, pay later”, and many see this as an advantage.

But people need to be careful. There are dangers associated with credit cards. Some people find it very easy to exceed their budget. They are tempted to purchase goods that they do not really need, and can become quickly overburdened by debt. The credit cards often charge a high rate of interest, which exacerbates the problems for these people.

However, used wisely credit cards can improve the quality of people’s lives. They can give people access to money to meet sudden unplanned expenses. Properly handled, they can let people control their expenditure and the monthly statements provide a record of where their money has gone.

点评:这是一篇议论文, 关于信用卡的利弊。可以分成三部分: 第一部分,信用卡的好处,比如说应急等;第二部分,信用卡的一些弊端,比如说鼓励一些无用的消费;第三部分:你自己的观点,理性使用。

预测6

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Pet Raising . You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 有些人喜欢养动物作为宠物。

2. 有些人反对圈养动物作为宠物。

3. 你的观点。

Pet Raising

Nowadays, with the improvement of the people’s living standard, some people form a habit of raising small or domestic animals as pets. Some raise small dogs or cats as their pets while others raise various birds or fishes as their pets.

However, some people object to the idea of raising animals as pets. To them, animals have their own right to live a natural life like human beings. On the other hand, the way people raise animals as pets have a negative influence on the surroundings ,for example, dogs’ chasing people on the street and so on. What’s more, some animals will transmit some diseases.

In my opinion, I do not like the idea to raise animals at pets. We should not deprive them of their natural right. In this way, we will live in a peaceful world in harmony with the other living creatures.

预测7

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How People Spend Their Holidays. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the table and the outline given below:

1、 根据上表,简要描述1990年、1995年、2000年某城市人们度假方式的情况及其变化;

2、 请说明发生这些变化的原因;

3、 得出结论。

How People Spend Their Holidays

As is clearly shown in the table that there was a dramatic change in the way people spent their holidays between 1990 and 2000. Especially, in 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure decreased considerably to 24% in 2000. there are three reasons for this phenomenon.

To begin with, with the development of market-oriented economy, people earn by far more money than they used to, making it possible for them to afford traveling expenses. In addition, people realize the importance of getting well-informed about the outside world in this modern era to develop their potential. For example, a traveller may encounter or talk with someone of a different cultural background so as to broaden his vision. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind. In short, more and more people take the occasion of holiday to travel outside and relax themselves.

As far as I am concerned, I prefer to go traveling instead of staying at home during holidays. On the one hand, I love meeting different people and take in some fresh ideas. On the other hand, it is agreed that the world is becoming a global village. No one could confine himself within his small circle of families or relatives. In brief, I have benefited a lot and will benefit more from traveling during the holidays.

点评:该篇作文属图表作文,本预测题关于人们旅游度假方式的变化,也是社会热点话题.

预测8

1. 上图所示为我国吸毒者年龄分布情况,请描述其变化

2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因

3. 这一变化对社会和个人的影响

As can be seen from the graph, there have been sharp changes in the age distribution of drug addicts. To be concrete, the teenage addicts only made up 10 percent of all the drugsters in 1982 while the ratio rose up to 65 in 2002.

The causes for them are not hard to find. First , teenagers’ fearless curiosity about everything new has led some of them into this marsh. Second, many of the young addicts turned for the first time to drugs for escape either from their failure in the national entrance exams or from their parents’ breakup. And above all, our education in the harmfulness of drugs has been far from adequate to build teenagers’ sound resistance to drugs. To sum up, the causes mentioned above must call for more of our concern, and effective measures should be taken to check the trend.

Obviously the drastic change will exert great impact on individuals and the whole society. For one thing, drug-taking does great damage to the health of drug users.. For another, some drug users commit robbery or even murder their parents and relatives to get money to buy drugs, which poses a great threat to the social security and the social stability. Therefore, it is high time we did something to put an end to this trend.

点评:该预测题为社会热点话题,本文属于图表作文的写作。根据图表作文命题规律,第一段文章描述了图表中所反映的我国吸毒者年龄的分布最近二十年的变化情况,;第二段说明了产生这种变化的原因;最后一段陈述了吸毒无论是对个人的身体健康和社会的安全和稳定都构成了巨大的威胁,呼吁全社会共同努力消除这种不良现象。

预测9

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic : How to Keep Psychologically Healthy? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 心理健康问题往往是导致疾病的原因

2. 分析人们产生心理健康问题的原因(可从失业、压力过重、缺乏支持、缺乏人际交往能力等方面分析)

3. 你认为人们应如何保持心理健康

How to Keep Psychologically Healthy?

One in four people will experience some kind of mental problem in the course of a year. When you fail to manage these problems, they are likely to cause various mental illnesses.

The cause of mental health problems often vary a lot from one case to another. In today’s society, a good number of people are suffering from heavy pressure. Others lack communication skills. In addition, a lot of people are ignorant of psychological knowledge about how to keep mentally fit.

There are a lot of ways to curb mental health problems and keep psychologically healthy. Firstly, find the real cause of your mental health problem and see whether you can do something about it. Secondly, learn to relax yourself and take exercises to release the pressure. Lastly, you may find it helpful to talk to your partner or friend about your problem, or seek support and advice form a psychological consultant

点评:据报道北京高校100多万名在校大学生中,已经有14名自杀身亡。而去年全年,北京自杀死亡的学生为19人。社会对于大学生心理健康问题越来越关注,如何保持心理健康成为社会关注话题。本预测题与校园生活联系紧密,是考试关注度较高的话题,值得重视。

预测10

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 现在某些高校校园禁止车辆驶入,

2. 这种规定的考虑,

3. 谈谈你的看法。

Should cars be allowed into College Campus?

With the rapid development of our national economy, private cars have become in large number; of course, quite a few cars are heavily driven into College Campus.

In a significant way, these cars do not take up students’ places for study, but actually affect their daily life and study-- for instance, this crowd of cars may make noise and emit filthy gas to choke us to death. And the campus is jammed with lines of cars and seems to be parking lot instead of an academic institute. So cars have been strictly prohibited into many College Campuses. It seems that this is not convenience to some persons, indeed, but this is for the sake of our safety. Thus when someone enjoys convenience from modern tools, don't forget that it is dangerous to the students in the College Campus. Therefore, I agree that cars are not allowed into College Campus.

By and large, with the price of cars falling significantly, cars will enter average families, and most Chinese will enjoy a luxurious lifestyle in their life. However, they are still prohibited to drive their cars into College Campus, which , I think, is a hard truth in the eyes of most people.

预测11

点评:随着人们物质生活的提高,私家车发展迅猛,越来越多的私家车停放在校园,由此产生了一些问题,如空间被占、噪音污染、环境污染等,为此许多学校禁止车辆驶入校园.预测11

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic : Information Security. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 信息安全问题日益重要

2. 信息安全事故可能导致的危害

3. 如何做到信息安全

Information Security

The human beings are stepping into the information society. The information industry develops very rapidly, so do the hackers, trick-playing teens, exploring children, fraudsters, and serious white-collar criminals. Thus, information security becomes an impending important issue.

In case of information breach, the victims-----government department, an organization or an institution, or a company will inevitably suffer great or small loss. Government may be threatened with national security. Companies may lose opportunities to develop new projects. And the public’s and users’ confidence will be damaged.

Then how to deal with this issue? Technology is only a partial solution to information security. What’s more important is that organizations and companies should promote the awareness on information security to its staff. However, since no system can ever be 100 percent secure, a prevention-only approach to information security management is not enough. Companies and organizations should adopt a dual approach to information security management by combing prevention and detection techniques.

点评:随着我们步入信息社会和计算机应用的普及,利用计算机犯罪案件不断上升,信息安全事故频繁发生,媒体也不时有大量相关报道,如何保护信息安全成为人们关注的焦点,本预测题为社会热点,值得关注。

预测12

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: No pains,no gains You should write at least120 words following the outline below in Chinese.

1. 为什么说“不劳就无获”

2. 试举例说明

No pains, no gains

Nearly every civilization has its own equivalent to the proverb “ No pains, no gains.” It means that nothing can be gained without painstaking efforts and that no knowledge or skill can be acquired without sweat or toil.

You don’t have to look very far too prove the truth of the proverb. Darwin’s great discovery was not the work of a moment but was preceded by years of patient, arduous observation. Mozart was not an accomplished pianist at the age of eight as the result of watching countless hours of TV. Nor did Edison make himself the greatest inventor in the modern world by spending his spare time on going to parties or bars. His words “Genius is 99 percent perspiration and one percent inspiration ,reveals the secret of thousands of successful men and women. All accomplishments and success come from sustained endeavor.

Although it is an old saying,“ no pains no gains” has its profound and realistic significance in our college studies. To acquire knowledge in a particular field and to attain any academic goals, great exertion and persistent effort are undoubtedly required because we all know that “No pains, no gains.”

点评:该预测题属于论证道理性的解释性说明文写作,根据此类作文命题规律,第一段对这一格言所蕴涵的意义做了解释和界定。第二段举例说明了其哲理性;最后一段说明它的现实意义,重述主题。

预测13

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: My View on Online Education.You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 目前网络教育形成热潮

2. 你认为这股热潮形成的原因

3. 你对网络教育的评价

My View on Online Education.

Being online is no longer something new or fresh in our life. To some extent, it has become part of our daily life. We can do a lot of things online, such as searching for information and communicating with friends far away. But recently another helpful online activity has become very “in”. That is online education.

Why could online education be so popular within such a short period of time? Among other reasons, the quick development of the Internet should be an essential one, which makes all our dreams of attending class in the distance possible. Another underlying reason is the quick development of both society and technology. Today, modern science and technology is developing with fantastic speed. To catch up with this development we all feel an urgent and strong desire to study. However, due to the great pace of modern society, many people are too busy to study full time at school. Online education just comes to their aid.

Personally, I appreciate this new form of education. It’s indeed a helpful complement to the traditional educational means. It can provide different learners with more flexible and versatile ways of learning. Best of all, with online education, we can stick to our jobs and at the same time study and absorb the latest knowledge.

点评:英特网的迅速发展改变了人们的生活和学习、工作方式,现代生活节奏快、工作忙导致人们没时间全日制的学习,网络和远程教育正好满足了人们的学习需要,它成为传统教学的有益补充。本预测题贴近时代,值得重视。

预测`14

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Pollution: An Increasing Concern in China You should write at least120 words following the outline below in Chinese.

1. 中国的污染的现状

2. 造成污染的原因

3. 解决的办法

Pollution: An Increasing Concern in China

It is reported that ten big cities in China are being ranked among the top twenty cities with the highest pollution index in the world. This means it is high time we did something to bring the situation under control.

Many factors are contributing to the deteriorating situation: industrial wastes pumped into the air, the lakes and rivers; a increasing number of automobiles crowding into the streets; the widespread use of plastic bags etc.

To my view, stiffer laws and regulations must be implemented to check pollution. Industries that release wastes without permission should be heavily fined. Cars should be equipped to minimize the exhaust they release into the air. And the use of plastic bags and disposable meal boxes should be banned. What’s more, the media should play an important role in implanting a sense of environmental consciousness into people’s mind.

If everybody works toward a common goal of making the environment better, we can create a cleaner and lovelier world for us and for the coming generation.

点评:该预测题为社会热点话题,也是作文经常关注的环境问题,值得引起重视。本文属于解释性说明文的写作,主题是“污染”。

预测15

For this part, you are required to write a composition about 120 words on the topic: Changes in People’s Daily Expenses. Your composition should be written on the following table and Chinese given below.

1. 描述图表中人们每天开支变化情况

2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因

3. 结合图表对未来作出合理的预测

Changes in People’s Daily Expenses

What is shown in the table above indicates that dramatic changes have taken place in the people’s daily expenses from 1995 to 1999. The expenses on food have declined by 30% while those on clothing and recreation have increased respectively by 9% and 7% . The statistics of rise and fall seem to exist in isolation but closely related to one another .

There are two factors accounting for these changes. Development in economy is an essential one in the five years. The increased income resulting from economic growth plays an important part in the less expense on food. Hence, a small percentage of total income is enough to cover food expense. Another one is the changes in life style. When food presents no worry to the average, people begin to focus more of interest on handsome appearance and happy leisure time .

As a result of such a shift, spending on clothing and recreation increases year after year.

From the analyses made above, we may come to the conclusion that people’s living standards have been constantly improved between 1995 and 1999. With the further growth in economy and more changes in life style, the tendency indicated in the table will continue in the better direction .

点评:该预测题属于图表作文写作,与社会生活密切相关,根据图表作文命题规律,第一段描述人们1995到1999年日常开支所发生的巨大变化;第二段分析产生变化的原因;最后一段依据图表所示变化作出了合乎逻辑的预测。文章紧扣主题,条理清楚,语言连贯,表述准确规范,结论合理。

预测15

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Choosing an Occupation. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 选择职业是一个人要面对的众多难题之一。

2. 需要花时间去选择职业。

3. 选择职业时可以向多人寻求建议和帮助。

Choosing an Occupation

One of the most important problems a young person faces is deciding what to do. There are some people, of course, who from the time they are six years old “know” that they want to be doctors or pilots or fire fighters, but the majority of us do not get around to making a decision about an occupation or career until somebody or something forces us to face the problem.

Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do. You may find that you will have to take special courses to qualify for a particular kind of work, or you may find out that you will need to get actual work experience to gain enough knowledge to qualify for a particular job.

Fortunately, there are a lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools, there are teachers who are professionally qualified to give you detailed information about job qualifications. And you can talk over your ideas with family members and friends who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions.

经济生活类作文

Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words within 30 minutes on developing tourism. Your essay should be based on the OUTLINE below.

1. 目前的状况

2. 发展旅游业的好处

3. 由此而产生的问题

范文

Tourism, a smokeless industry, is developing rapidly in China. With the reform and opening –up policy being carried out, thousands upon thousands of foreign visitors are crowding into our country. They are eager to see this old mysterious land with a splendid culture of more than 5, 000 years.

Tourism as a form of enterprise brings China a lot of benefits. In the first place, it is financially beneficial to the economic development of China. Tourism is one of the most important channels to obtain foreign currencies. In the second place, tourism enables the Chinese people to know more about the outside world. On the other hand, the foreigners who have visited China are deeply impressed by the latest developments of out country and the friendliness and hospitality of our people. It is clear that tourism contributes a great deal to the friendship and mutual understanding between the Chinese people and people all over the world.

Everything, however, has two sides. Tourism gives rise to a number of problems. For instance, it becomes a burden to our inefficient transportation system. Besides, the living standard of the average Chinese is still not high enough to be able to afford the expenses. Therefore, there are still a lot of obstacles hindering the expansion of tourism in our country.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topicFor a Better Understanding between Parent and Child. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline below:

1. Present situation: lack of communication between parent and child

2. Possible reasons:

1) Different likes and dislikes;2) Misunderstanding;3) Others

3. Suggestions:

1) For parents;2) For children

范文

For a Better Understanding between Parent and Child

Nowadays there is often a lack of understanding between parent and child. Parents often consider their children’s behaviors “irrational”,while the children are always complaining about their parents’ not understanding them. Consequently, the so-called generation gap comes into being.

In my opinion, there are several reasons responsible for the situation. First, it is most natural for the two generations to have different likes and dislikes since they grow up in different times and environments. Second, their understanding of the world and methods of thinking are also different from each other, which is likely to cause misunderstandings. If both parents and children become more reasonable and tolerant, will there be so many quarrels and conflicts? Last but not least, nowadays, in most cases both parents and children are too busy to have enough time to exchange ideas with each other.

In order to improve their relation, parents and children make joint efforts. Parents should be patient enough so as to listen to their children. The children should respect their parents, whose suggestions, although hard to follow at the beginning, always prove to be beneficial and valuable. Only in this way can parents and children achieve better understanding.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: What Is Success? Your composition must be based on the information given in the outline below.

Outline:

1. Different opinions on success

2. Ways to achieve success

3. My view on success

范文

What Is Success?

What is success? Different people hold views on this question. Some think that one is successful if he can make a great deal of money. Others argue that success means holding an important government post. Still others believe that whoever has got high academic title is successful. It is clear that there are quite different opinions on success.

In order to become successful, you should first of all be both perseverant and hardworking. You should always keep in mind that perseverance is the mother of success and industry is the key to it. In addition, you should pay great attention to your work method. It is necessary for you to sum up your experience constantly and improve the efficiency of your work. Finally, it is important for you to get along well with your co-workers, care for each other and help each other.

In my opinion, success means achieving brilliant results in one’s work, that is, making outstanding contributions to the development of the country and bringing happiness to the people.

Directions: In this part, you are to written an essay more than 150 words within 30 minutes under the title of the Importance of Confidence. Your essay should be based on the information given in the outline below

Outline:

1. Importance of confidence

2. Reasons for lack of confidence

3. Necessity to build up confidence

范文

Importance of Confidence

Whatever one does, one should do it with confidence. If one has no confidence, there is little possibility that one can achieve anything when faced with hardships. This truth seems to be self-evident. In reality, however, we do see a lot of people who always complain that they lack the ability to do something or that their difficulties are too great to overcome.

Why do some people often feel frustrated even though they are capable of doing something? I think there are two main reasons. In the first place, these people don’t have a correct estimate of themselves. Secondly, there is another possibility that they exaggerate the difficulties.

In my opinion, one should build up faith in oneself as long as he has a right attitude towards his own ability. We should neither underestimate nor overestimate our ability As a proverb says, “Where there is a will, there is a way.” With confidence we can certainly cope with any task we are faced with.

科技类作文

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Electronic Dictionaries. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline below:

1)电子词典有很多好处。

2)电子词典也有许多弊端。

3)你的看法。

Electronic Dictionaries

In recent years electronic dictionaries have become very popular as a study aid among students.

Compared with a traditional dictionary, this kind of new dictionary has many advantages. First, in comparison with a traditional dictionary, it is obviously very handy and convenient. Besides, due to its multifunction, it is also very helpful. It can not only translate words from English to Chinese, but vise versa. Some even can teach a learner how to pronounce a word. Most important of all, most of the entries in electronic dictionaries are comparatively updated.

On the other hand, an electronic dictionary has its disadvantages. To begin with, the definitions in the entries are very limited. In addition, there are not enough explanations, patterns, or examples to illustrate the correct usage of a word. Last but least, constant use of this study aidmake people too much attached to the dictionary andbecome lazy, which will lead them to form a passive and lazy attitude towards learning.

As far as I am concerned, we should use it properly and should have a good English dictionary at hand and treat the electronic one as a makeshift(权宜之计), when necessary.

Internet and Our Life

Internet is now one of the best forms of media,with its swiftness and interactivity.Internet is becoming the foundation of our modem society.

With the assistance of Internet,more people can now communicate with one another more freely and quickly.Internet also serves to be a great source of wisdom and creation.It is already becoming the electronic library of the future,giving vent to creativity and ingenuity unparalleled in human history.But Internet is a double-bladed sword.Its ability to distribute information and connect people around the world is often abused by us.Junk mail proliferates the Internet.Every year,many young people are deceived  by their online friends The damage we have suffered from Internet is also too revere to recover.

Indeed,Internet access connects many of us to a world of information at the touch of a button.Internet is such an integral part of our life.In order to have Internet serve us human-beings well,we must not take its negative sides for granted.Web sites,especially the web sites available to the young children,must be strictly censored.It is time we took effective measures to minimize the side effects of Internet.

Cell  Phones

Nowadays,with the rapid development of IT and information industry,cell phones play a dominant role in people’s life.But,like everything else,they have both favorable and unfavorable aspects.On the one hand,the mobile phone is portable and convenient.Being wireless,you can carry them everywhere with great ease.You can reach a person wherever and however far away he is.On the other hand,it is a Mend indeed.Whenever you come across trouble,you can call for help immediately.

However,just as every coin has two sides,the cell phone also has its many disadvantages.Some people complain that mobile phones give unpleasant noise on some important occasions when the owner forgets to turn them off.And it also cuts into people’s spare time,because with the mobile phone the boss can easily reach them and call them to duty during their spare time.Worst of all,the electromagnetic wave emitted from the phone is said to be harmful to people’s health and does often cause headaches to the owner.

In my opinion,with its expenses greatly reduced and China’s entry into WTO,the cell phone,will face an even brighter future in its development.They have changed the way we communicate an.d have made our life more convenient,and thus will stay in people’s life。

环境能源类作文

1.Directions: 根据所给的题目Air Pollution和下面的关键词: health , surrounded by , smog , anything but , gases , impurities , absorb , poisonous , try hard , blacked out…写一篇120个词左右的短文:

范文 Air Pollution

We all know that clean air is important to good health. Wherever you go and whatever you do, you are always surrounded by a sea of gases that we call air. If there are impurities in the air, they may be absorbed by our bodies and make us ill. We need clean air, but unfortunately, air pollution is globally present, especially in cities.

Many large cities are anything but pollution-free. Our cities have many factories, which we need to make food, clothing and other things. Every year these factories pour millions upon millions of tons of smog into air. Power plants and houses that burn coal add greatly to air pollution. Besides, there are more cars in cities now. Once out on the streets, they will take in fresh air and replace it with poisonous gases.

Our country is trying hard to prevent and control air pollution. As long as every citizen also realizes its importance and makes concerted efforts, the day will come soon when people will take in only clean air. Then, the sunlight will no longer be blackened out by smoke and soot.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Global Shortage of Fresh Water. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1. 人们以为淡水是取之不尽的(提示:雨水、河水、井水......)

2. 实际上淡水是非常紧缺的(提示:人口增加,工业用水增加,污染......)

3. 我们应该怎么办

范文

Global Shortage of Fresh Water

Many people believe that the world’s supply of fresh water will never be used up. They think that fresh water comes from such a variety of sources such as rain, river, and well, which is always sufficient for use. Such an opinion leads to a shocking waste of water.

As a matter of fact, the earth is short of fresh water. Furthermore, with the rapid growth of the world’s population, the rising demand for water by industry, and the serious pollution of our surroundings, the world is facing the danger of running out of fresh water. Actually, in some big cities, fresh water cannot meet the daily needs.

Therefore, to find new ways to save water is an urgent task. First, we should pass strict laws to control any waste of water. Second, scientists must work even harder to purify sea water and polluted water, and try to find substitutes to reduce the use of fresh water.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title: Make Our City Greener, your composition should be based on the following outline:

1:城市绿色的状况

2:绿化的好处(如:清洁空气,美化城市,改善气候......)

3:怎样才能实现绿化

范文:

Recent efforts toward the greening of our cities have achieved much, although the results are still far from satisfactory. In recent years many trees have been planted in the cities and much care has been taken of the planted trees. In spite of all this, the greening process is relatively slow compared with cities in many other countries. For example, the green space available on average to each Shanghai citizen is only 0.4 Mu while every Londoner has more than 20 Mu.

We can benefit much from making our cities greener by planting trees. First, trees absorb carbon dioxide to produce oxygen which is essential to the health of human beings. Second, trees and other greenery make our cities more beautiful. Third, trees can also improve the climate of the cities.

Since we can get so much from making our cities greener, we should spare no effort to do that. We should plant more trees and take better care of them. We also should not cut down the trees. In a word, we should do everything to add to the greening of our cities.

Saving animals

There is an undeniable fact that the number of animals is declining faster than ever before. According to a recent survey made by some experts, about 37 species disappear from our earth every year.It is obvious that the problem has become a serious one worth our concern.

When we explore this problem, some underlying factors emerge. In the very first place, human beings have played a big part. With the fast development of human society, the environment is much destroyed, and animals lose their home. Accordingly, some species become extinct. What’s more, people hunt animals for food and skin.A good case in point is thatthe Japanese have killed a lot of whales because they like to eat the meat.In addition, human beings are largely responsible for the pollution of natural environment, and poison animals in many ways.

The current problem, I believe, should be solved immediately. First of all, our government should play a key role in making relevant rules and protecting animals.The general public should also be educated to value the existence of these animals on our planet.

The Balance of Ecology

Man is part of nature. They can only survive if they live in harmony with nature. Otherwise the ecological balance will be broken and man has to pay for what he has done to his environment.

In its narrow sense, nature here refers to the natural environment around us including plants and animals. Trees can clean the air by absorbing harmful gases like carbon dioxide.Forests can maintain a good and stable climate, provide habitat for wild lives, and prevent sandy wind from passing people. Almost all the green plants can serve as specialists in beautifying nature and purifying air.

Animals are good friends for mankind. Owl, cat, snake can help us to eliminate some infectious diseases by killing mice. Even little insects play a very important role in bringing us a rich, musical and poetic world.Some like bee can make delectable honey; some have the same ability as birds’ to grasp injurious insects. Otherwise, the latter may eat as much grain as they like until farmers can harvest nothing from what they grow.

short, every species has its reason for existing. Without them, the ecological system is destroyed and there will be no harmonious environment for man to live. People should learn to know the serious result.

教育类作文:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Project Hope. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:

1. Present situation

2. Necessity of the project

3. My suggestion

范文

Education plays a very important role in the modernization of our country. The modernization of our country calls for the modernization of education in advance. However, the development of education is by no means balanced all over the country. In some poverty-stricken areas, a surprisingly large number of school-agers cannot afford to go to school. As a result, the “Project Hope” is initiated to promote education in those areas.

This project, in my eyes, is necessary especially in two respects. For one thing, if children can’t gain access to education, the lack of human resources will be inevitable, and how can we hope to get rid of illiteracy and poverty? For another, at present it is beyond the ability of our government to provide enough money for so many school dropouts. The “project hope” accepts donations from organizations, enterprises and individuals, and then distributes the fund scientifically and reasonably to those in need of help.

My suggestion is that all of us who have the financial ability join in the Project to help those school-agers. Only when all of us extend the helping hands can we hope to modernize our education and our nation.

Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 150 words within 30 minutes on online education

1. 目前网络教育形成热潮

2. 我认为这股热潮的的原因是……

3. 我对网络教育的评价

范文

Online Education

Being online is no longer something strange in our life. To some degree, it has become part of our daily life. Recently another helpful online activity has become very popular. That is online education.

Why could online education be so popular within such a short period of time? The quick development of the internet should be an essential reason, which makes all our dreams of attending class in the distance possible. Another underlying reason is the quick development of both society and technology. Today, modern science and technology is developing with lightening speed. To catch up with this development we all feel an urgent to study. However, due to the great pace of modern society, many people are too busy to study full time at school. Online education just comes to their aid.

Personally, I appreciate this new form of education. It’s indeed a helpful complement to the traditional educational means. It can provide different learners with more flexible and versatile ways of learning. Most of all, with online education, we can stick to our jobs. At the same time, we can study and absorb the latest knowledge.

On Quality Education

The prevailing traditional way of teaching is so old-fashioned that it is far from satisfying the need of the fast development of modern society. This problem,if not solved immediately and properly, will slow down the progress of the modernization of our country. So the policy of quality education was established in order to train and bring up more qualified graduates with greater ability.

Quality education is of great necessity. Firstly, it lays stress on students. Initiative and creativeness help to cultivate and raise the students ability to think, analyze and solve concrete problems independently, which enables them to adapt themselves to various kinds of circumstances. Secondly, quality education emphasizes on students’ wide range of knowledge. Finally,the implementation of quality education will help to produce more and more great experts or scientists in all fields of modern science and technology.

I strongly suggest that not only the government but also the whole society support and promote the successful implementation of this policy so that our country can become one of the strongest and most prosperous countries in the world as early as possible.

健康类作文

学生需要健康的心理

Students Need Mentally Healthy Mind

Some college students have hidden mental problems. Without parents’ immediate help or teachers’ adequate guidance, a host of physical and emotional disorders touch them. They suffer from depression, sleep disorders or poor academic performance. Anxious hearts, hopeless minds and even nervous breakdowns chase them.

Mental health is part of the most valuable wealth students can ever possess. On campus students learn to reason and act with wisdom, with a healthy mind in a healthy body, they can challenge all hardships later in life. Today's competitive world needs more versatile talents (多面手,多才多艺的英才), especially those who are firm-willed(意志坚定的) and have confidence in themselves.

Therefore, all sides concerned (有关各方) should make joint efforts to help students solve their mental problems. Parents, teachers and classmates could encourage them to have a balanced view of life. Students must develop a positive mental attitude and be more optimistic (乐观) about the world. We believe those who have mental health can do great things in the future.

题目:Is Stress a Bad Thing?

提纲:1)有人害怕压力

2)有人认为压力并不是一件坏事

3)我的看法

范文:

“I can't stand the pressure and competition,” explained one friend of mine when asked why he decided to quit his highly-paid but demanding position in his company recently. My friend may have his own reasons, but I don't think his decision is wise in reality.

It is true that my friend's case is not unique. In the last few years quite a number of men and women have chosen to do something less competitive at the cost of a comfortable, easy life a highly-paid job can obtain. They are afraid that the stresses and strains of work will rob them of joy and happiness and do them harm both physically and mentally. In fact, however, stress isn't the bad thing as it is often supposed to be. Unless it gets out of control, a certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and challenge, and to give purpose and significance to an otherwise meaningless, idle life. People under stress tend to express their full range of potential and to actualize their own personal worth - the very aim of a human life.

Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. What we can do is to develop our adaptive abilities to deal with it rather than to escape from it.

Health and Wealth

It is clear that health is the foundation of one’s future success. If you become sick, it is almost impossible to pursue your career effectively, much less make your dreams come true. On the other hand, if you are stout and strong, you can go all out to overcome the obstacles that lie ahead of you.

Now that we know that health is the source of our energy, what should we do to maintain and enhance our health? First, we should exercise every day to strengthen our muscles. Second, we should keep regular hours. If we get up early, we can breathe fresh air and see the sunrise. This habit can do wonders for our outlook on life. Third, there is a proverb that says, “Prevention is better than cure.”

In conclusion, health is more important than wealth. Those who are rich, but lose their health are no more fortunate than those who are poor. If you want your wish to come true, health is the most important ingredient of your success.

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