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中考英语精选试题

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2014-03-28

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(满分150分,考试时间100分钟)

Part 1 Listening (第一部分 听力)

I. Listening Comprehension (听力理解): (共30分)

A. Listen and choose the right picture (根据你听到的内容,选出相应的图片): (共6分)

A B C

D E F G

1. ______ 2. ______ 3. ______ 4. ______ 5. ______ 6. ______

B. Listen to the dialogue and choose the best answer to the question you hear (根据你听到的对话和问题,选出最恰当的答案): (共10分)

7. A) Water. B) Tea. C) Coffee. D) Juice.

8. A) On Tuesday. B) On Wednesday. C) On Thursday. D) On Friday.

9. A) 2. B) 3. C) 4. D) 5.

10. A) A waitress. B) A teacher. C) A secretary. D) A doctor.

11. A) A prize. B) A book. C) A bike. D) A CD.

12. A) By bus. B) By car. C) By bike. D) On foot.

13. A) In the hotel. B) In the hospital. C) In the library. D) In the museum.

14. A) Weather. B) A film. C) News. D) An accident.

15. A) Because she is dirty.

B) Because she is noisy.

C) Because she is crazy.

D) Because she is lazy.

16. A) The parcel doesn't belong to him.

B) She doesn't know the way.

C) The man is like a kid.

D) The man can walk there.

C. Listen to the passage and tell whether the following statements are true or false (判断下列句子是否符合你听到的内容, 符合的用"T"表示,不符合的用"F"表示): (共7分)

17. Charles Dickens was a famous American writer.

18. Dickens was fond of reading books when he was little.

19. Dickens' childhood was hard and he had to work for long hours.

20. After writing A Christmas Carol, Dickens became rich.

21. In his books, he described a beautiful life in Victorian England.

22. Often Dickens wrote sad and dark stories about children.

23. Most Dickens' books are full of hope and have happy endings.

D. Listen to the passage and complete the following sentences (听短文,完成下列内容。

每空格限填一词): (共7分)

24. Steve and Tom were classmates in a ________ class at an American university.

25. As an ________ student, Tom wanted to learn more about American culture.

26. Steve seemed friendly at first and he always greeted Tom ________ before class.

27. After the term was ________, Steve and Tom stopped seeing each other very often.

28. When Steve and Tom are no ________ classmates, their "friendship" has changed.

29. In Tom's opinion, friends are friends ________, but Americans view friendship differently.

30. In America, friendship may ________ when people don't have common interests to share.

Part 2 Vocabulary and Grammar (第二部分 词汇和语法)

II. Choose the best answer (选择最恰当的答案): (共20分)

31. ________ only key to the safe is kept in Mrs. White's room. Nobody knows where it is.

A) A B) An C) The D) /

32. A young couple decided to sell their shop and started to travel around the world ________ their thirties.

A) in B) at C)on D) for

33. On School Open Day, parents ________ know how colorful their kids' school life is.

A) should B) can C) must D) need

34. Look! A car almost hit that little girl and the woman driver seemed ________.

A) fright B) frighten C) frightened D) frightening

35. ________ Jeremy broke his leg last year, he performed very well on the basketball court in the new season.

A) When B) Because C) Although D) If

36. After the discussion, most people at the meeting chose Jane's plan instead of ________.

A) I B) my C) me D) mine

37. It is essential for a good detective ________ the innocent and to find the guilty.

A) to protect B) protecting C) protect D) protected

38. It is known to all that bad news has wings and always ________ very fast.

A) spread B) spreads C) is spreading D) has spread

39. A: ________ lecture will you attend, Professor Wang's or Professor Li's?

B: Professor Li's. His lecture is more interesting.

A) Where B) Whose C) When D) Why

40. Jennifer has two children and ________ of them were born in winter.

A) all B) either C) both D) neither

41. People ________ about if there are aliens on the other planets since many years ago.

A) are arguing B) argue C) have argued D) argued

42. Terry did very well in the interview, ________ he got his dream job in IBM.

A) for B) so C) but D) or

43. When our parents get old, they will need ________ of our time and attention than before.

A) many B) more C) less D) few

44. ________ came to see John this morning and left a note on his desk.

A) Somebody B) Anybody C) Everybody D) Nobody

45. In that small seaside village, most children are good at ________.

A) swim B) swam C) swimming D) swims

46. ________ amazing film The Story of Pi is!

A) How B) What a C) What an D) So

47. Spending a whole day working in the field let the children ________ the farmers' hard life.

A) understand B) to understand C) understood D) understanding

48. The kids are taught to stay calm and go out of the building one by one ________ there is a fire.

A) until B) because C) if D) although

49. A: I am afraid I can't finish my report on time. It's so difficult.

B: _______

A) Sorry! I don't know.

B) That really sounds good!

C) Take it easy. Maybe I can help.

D) Thank you for telling me!

50. A: Would you like to have a look at my new painting?

B: _______

A) You are welcome!

B) I'll be glad to.

C) Not at all!

D) Congratulations!

III. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each can only be used once(将下列单词或词组填入空格。每空格限填一词,每个单词或词组只能填一次):(共8分)

A. disappearing B. without C. better D. such as

E. interesting F. so that G. excited H. environment I. reasons

Zoos are places where different kinds of animals are kept and shown for the public. At most modern zoos people can see, smell and hear animals in their natural way. Some zoos even have "friendship farms" where people can touch some of the animals. Here are some 51 why people need zoos.

Firstly, zoos help people know more about animals and their 52 . They give interesting information about each animal, 53 where it comes from and how it lives. Special teachers at the zoo help children understand more about the animals. Trained guides show visitors around the zoo.

Secondly, zoos are working hard to find out more about animals. New knowledge leads to better ways of looking after animals in the zoo and 54 understanding of the same animals in the wild.

Thirdly, zoos play a part in protecting animals and stopping them from 55 . Zoos work together with each other to help the animals in danger. For example, gorillas (大猩猩) from Taronga Zoo were sent to live with gorillas at the Melbourne Zoo in the hope that they would give birth to babies 56 gorillas can be kept in this way.

Finally, zoos give people a lot of fun. People enjoy getting close to animals 57 having to cross the plains (平原) of Africa or climb the mountains of China. In the past, animal shows were common in zoos. Visitors were 58 when they saw monkeys in human clothes, and they even took rides on elephants or horses. However, today people prefer to see animals in a more natural way.

So a modern zoo is a place where animals are well taken care of.

IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms(用括号中所给单词 的适当形式完成下列句子): (共8分)

59. Mo Yan is the ________ Chinese to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. (one)

60. After Andy was retired, the company wanted to find a new _______ urgently. (drive)

61. Chinese people________ clean their houses before the Spring Festival. (usual)

62. Mrs. Anderson has a little garden and she grows some ________ in it. (tomato)

63. Liu Xiang received an ________ in the USA and it was very successful. (operate)

64. According to the plan they have made, I am sure they won't ________. (success)

65. The chemicals in the bottle are dangerous and it must be ________ locked in the lab. (secure)

66 When the news came, everybody was ________ at the rare flood in Beijing. (shock)

V. Rewrite the following sentences as required(根据所给要求,改写下列句子。每空格限填一词): (共14分)

67. I prefer to sleep with the window wide open unless it's really cold. (保持句意不变)

I prefer to sleep with the window wide open ________ it ________ really cold.

68. Schools should offer more fruits and vegetables to students in their meals every day. (改为被动语态)

More fruits and vegetables should ________ ________ to students in their meals every day.

69. The Korean pop music video Gangnam Style is very popular. Many people would like to learn the funny dance. (合并两句, 保持句意不变)

The Korean pop music video Gangnam Style is ________ popular ________ many people would like to learn the funny dance.

70. Little Lucy has learnt to play the piano since she was five years old. (就划线部分提问)

________ ________ has little Lucy learnt to play the piano?

71. There is little time left for us to work out a solution. (改为反意疑问句)

There is little time left for us to work out a solution, _________ ________?

72. I wondered. Will Jack recognize me after such a long time? (合并两句)

I wondered ________ Jack ________ recognize me after such a long time.

73. Remember to say sorry to others if you do something wrong. (保持句意不变)

Remember to ________ ________ others if you do something wrong.

Part 3 Reading and Writing (第三部分 读写)

VI. Reading comprehension (阅读理解): (共50分)

A. Choose the best answer(根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案): ( 12分)

More than forty years ago, a group of artists gathered to develop a television program. They planned to make a television show that would teach young children about subjects like reading and math in a fun way.

Sesame Street was first shown on TV on November 10th, 1969. It was produced by a group called The Children's Television Workshop, and today it was called The Sesame Workshop. The show combines animation (动画), music, large puppets (布偶) and human actors to create funny and creative lessons. Some of the most famous characters on the show are Big Bird, Cookie Monster, Oscar the Grouch, and Bert and Ernie. Puppet maker Jim Henson created these lovely characters.

Research is an important part of what made Sesame Street special. The show's creators studied children very carefully to understand how to best keep them having fun and learning. When the show was first introduced to children, some of its creators were not sure whether it would last one season. But forty years later, Sesame Street is the longest running children's television program in the United States.

As part of its fortieth anniversary (周年纪念日), Sesame Street had a special guest on its show. First Lady Michelle Obama showed a group of children and Big Bird how to plant. She explained that the seeds would grow into vegetables, which are healthy and good to eat. She also had a message to the parents who watch the show with their children. She said parents can help their children do things to have healthy lives, like getting enough exercise.

74. Sesame Street is a program shown ________.

A) in the cinema B) on the radio C) on TV D) on the Internet

75. The characters in the program were created by ________.

A) The Sesame Workshop B) Jim Henson

C) Big Bird D) Michelle Obama

76. Sesame Street was produced mainly________.

A) to make money

B) to introduce the United States

C) to teach parents

D) to help children learn

77. On the program's fortieth anniversary, First Lady tried to help parents learn ________.

A) how to grow and eat vegetables correctly

B) to watch the show with their children

C) to teach children to do enough exercise

D) the importance of a healthy life for their children

78. Children may find the lessons taught by Sesame Street very ________.

A) funny B) difficult C) strange D) useless

79. Sesame Street is a successful children's program because ________.

A) it was developed by a group of artist

B) it is the longest running children's program

C) it has invited many famous actors and actresses

D) it knows very well what children really want

B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语完成短文):(12分)

Like underground systems all around the world, there are two main rules on the London Underground: Please mind the gap and please give up your seat to a person carrying a child or heavy luggage.

But London's 150-year-old underground system is a little bit different 80 there are also another two rules: Never look at others and don't get too close to the other passengers. If you do any of these things, you will break 81 , and the whole carriage(车厢) will look at in an unfriendly way.

On the London Underground, people do not talk to one another, nor look at one another. If they have to look at each other, they will 82 faster than you can say duibuqi. Passengers usually keep some distance away from the others. In crowded carriages people will stand near the door at station stops, so the carriage looks full when actually there is plenty of 83 . There is no pushing yourself in as Beijing subway passengers do.

The biggest problem comes with getting a seat, and some people in England even explain how to get a seat on the Internet. If you are lucky enough to find yourself sitting in one of the few seats 84 wants, you will catch the attention of the whole carriage, so you can't win.

Sometimes the train driver will make a joke over the loud speaker, saying something like, "How is everyone getting on in there?" A few people will smile and realize that how strange the Underground environment is. 85 , it will be back to the basic rules as soon as this moment passes,: No eye contact, no touching, no getting into personal space and no standing on the left.

80. A) although B) when C) because D) if

81. A) the friendship B) the balance C) the carriage D) the darkness

82. A) look away B) set off C) jump up D) fall asleep

83. A) air B) room C) money D) information

84. A) the driver B) a tourist C) everybody D) nobody

85. A) In addition B) Instead C) Besides D) However

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

Some people believe that schools will not be necessary in the near future. They say that because of the Internet and other new technology, there is no need for school buildings, classes or t86 . Perhaps this will be true one day, but if the world had no schools, I couldn't imagine how our society would be.

In fact, we should learn how to use new technology to make schools b 87 . We should invent a new kind of school that is l 88 to libraries, museums, science centers, labs and even companies. Companies should create learning programs for schools. Scientists could give talks t 89 the Internet. TV networks and local TV stations could develop programs about the students who are studying at school. Labs could set up websites to show new technology so that students could see it on the Internet.

Is this a d 90 ? No. This is beginning to happen in many cities. In those cities, learning can take place at home, at school and in the office. Businesses provide programs for schools and society. Schools provide computer labs for people with their own computers at home. Everyone can visit faraway libraries and museums as easily as n 91 ones and everyone can go on the Internet, and older people use it as much as younger ones. How will this new kind of school c92 the usual way of learning? It is too early to be sure, but it is very exciting to think about it.

D. Answer the questions(根据短文内容回答下列问题): ( 12分)

When Paul was a boy growing up in Utah, he happened to live near a copper smelter(炼铜厂), and the chemicals coming out of the smelter made a beautiful forest become a wasteland. One day a young visitor looked at this wasteland and called it an awful area. Paul got so angry when he heard these words. From then on, something happened inside him.

Years later Paul was back to the hometown and he went to the smelter office. He asked if they had any plans or if they would let him try to bring the trees back. The answer from that big industry was "No."

Paul then went to college to study the science of plants. Unfortunately, his teachers said there weren't any birds or squirrels(松鼠) to spread the seeds. It would be a waste of his life to try to do it. Everyone knew that, he was told. Even if he was knowledgeable as he had expected, nobody accepted his idea.

Paul later got married and had some kids. But he didn't give up. And then one night he did what he could with what he had. Under the cover of darkness, he went secretly into the wasteland and started planting.

And every week, he made his secret journey into the wasteland and planted trees and grass. Slowly rabbits appeared. Later, as there was pressure(压力) to clean up the environment, the company actually invited Paul to do what he was already doing. Now the place is fourteen thousand acres of trees and grass, and Paul has received almost every environmental award Utah has. It took him until his hair turned grey, but he managed to keep that impossible promise he made to himself as a child.

93. What did the copper smelter do to Paul's hometown?

_____________________________________________________________________.

94. Did the copper smelter agree to let Paul bring trees back at first?

_________, ___________________________________________________________.

95. Why did most people think it would be a waste of time to change that area?

_____________________________________________________________________.

96. What did he decide to do one night?

_____________________________________________________________________.

97. How long did it take Paul to realize his dream?

_____________________________________________________________________.

98. What can we learn from Paul's story?

_____________________________________________________________________.

VII. Writing: (20分)

99. Eric Schmidt, Google chairman, made a speech at Boston University and gave some meaningful advice to the students, asking them to stay away from electronic devices and to have more time to talk face-to-face with their friends and parents.

Eric Schmidt谷歌公司主席在波士顿大学的演讲中建议学生不要沉迷于电子设备而要留出更多时间和朋友家长面对面交流。 请你就Eric Schmidt的建议结合你或者你身边同学朋友的实际情况谈谈你的看法。

Write at least 60 words to describe what you know and think about Eric Schmidt's advice.

(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其它相关信息,否则不予评分。)

Suggested questions:

1. Do you or your friends spend much time on electronic devices, such as …?

2. What do you think of his advice? Do you agree or disagree?

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