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人教版高二英语下册第8单元重难点:Inventions

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【 本文摘要 】聪明出于勤奋,天才在于积累。尽快地掌握科学知识,迅速提高学习能力,接下来为大家提供了人教版高二英语下册第8单元重难点,希望大家能谨记呦!!

【 关 键 词 】 人教版高二英语下册第8单元重难点

聪明出于勤奋,天才在于积累。尽快地掌握科学知识,迅速提高学习能力,接下来为大家提供了人教版高二英语下册第8单元重难点,希望大家能谨记呦!!

人教版高二英语下册第8单元重难点:Inventions

【Inventions知识点】

1. How do they come up with ideas for new inventions? 他们怎么提出新发明的想法的? (p. 59. Pre-Reading 3) / (p. 59 Reading 第一段第二行) 比较:解释3

▲ come up with意为“提出”“想出”。如:① The teacher asked a difficult question,but finally Tom came up with a good answer. 老师提出了一个难题,但汤姆最后想出了一个好答案。② The magazine recently came up with some advice on smoking. 那本杂志最近就吸烟问题提出了一些忠告。③ I hope you can come up with a better plan than this. 我希望你能想出一个比这个更好些的计划来。④ Scientists will have to come up with new methods of increasing the world's food supply.科学家们必须找出增加全世界食品供应的新方法。⑤ You have no choice but to come up with the £18000.你别无选择,必须拿出那一万八千英镑来。

【注】come up 也有“被提出来”之意,但主语一般是表示问题、建议、计划等的名词。如:① The program came up for final decision.这一计划被提出来以便作最后决定。 ② These problems will come up for discussion at the meeting. 这些问题会在会议中提出来讨论。③ We solved problems as soon as they came up. 问题一出现我们就解决。

【注】 come up with还有“赶上”之意。如:① Let's hurry up so that we may come up with them.咱们快些走,好赶上他们。② We shall have to work hard to come up with the other team.我们得努力干才能赶上另一队的进度。③ I came up with her as she was rounding the corner. 她在拐弯时,我追上了她。

【注】come up with可引申为“拿出”“提供(一笔钱)”之意。如:① The rich man came up with a large sun of money to those poor students who can't afford their tuition.那个有钱人拿出一大笔钱来给那些因贫困而交不起学费的学生。

2. Throughout history, great thinkers have used their creativity and imagination to change the world. 纵观历史,为大的思想家们用他们的创造力和想象力改变了世界 (p. 59 Reading 第一段 第一行) ▲ throughout

(1) prep. 遍及We have friends throughout the world. 我们的朋友遍天下。Schools were opened throughout the country. 全国中小学都开学了。

(2) prep. 在整个(一段时期) Throughout the summer and autumn he continued to go to the office work. 整个夏秋季节他都连续在办公室上班。

(3) adv. 整个地,全部地The timber was rotten throughout.这块木料已经整个儿地腐烂了。

(4) adv. 一直地,从头到尾Prices remain stable throughout. 物价始终保持稳定。The house is painted throughout. 这所房子全部油漆一新。

3. How do they come up with ideas for new inventions? 他们那些新发明的思想是怎么来的呢? (p. 59 Reading 第一段第二行) ▲ come up with

(1) 赶上 We shall have to work hard to come up with them. 我们要努力工作,赶上他们。

(2) 提出,提供 I hope you can come up with a better plan than this. 我希望你们能提出比这个更好的计划。

拓展:come up 走近,长出; come up against 遭到……; come up to 达到,符合; come out with 发表,出版

4. Thinkers who have changed the world do not seem to have much in common. 改变了世界的思想家们似乎并没有很多共同之处。(p. 59. 第一段 第三行)

▲ in common意为“共用”“共有”“共同”,后接介词with时,意为“和…一样”。如: ① The swimming pool is used in common by all the children in the town. 这个游泳池供镇上的孩子共同使用。② They have nothing in common with one another. 他们相互之间没有共同点。③ In common with many people, he prefers classic music to pop.和很多人一样,他喜欢古典音乐,不喜欢流行音乐。④He believed,in common with the majority, that it was tree.他与大多数人一样,认为这是真的。⑤ In common with most Italian lakes, access to the shores of Orta is restr- icted. 和大多数的意大利湖一样,进入奥塔湖滨受到限制。⑥ To my surprise, I found I had a lot in common with this stranger.令我惊讶的是,我发现我与那陌生人有很多相似之处。⑦ He had little in common with his little sister.他与他的小妹妹没有多少共同之处。⑧ Their methods have a lot in common.他们的方法有很多相似之处。

【注】 注意out of the common意思是“异乎寻常的” “不平常的”。如:It is something out of the common. 这是异乎寻常的东西。

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