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1. Talk about disability? 谈一谈残疾 (p. 49 Goal 1)

* disability和inability

▲ dis-和in-都是表示否定意义的前缀,但用在ability前,表示不同的意思,disability意为“残疾”,而inability意为“无能力”“没办法”。请比较下列例句,注意这两个词的不同意思。① I was surprised at her inability to do things promptly. 她不能迅速处事,我感到惊异。② She is deaf,but refuses to let her disability prevent her from doing what she wants to do. 她失聪,但她不让自己的残疾妨碍自己去做想做的事。③ His inability to pay his debts made his parents worried. 他无力偿还债务使他父母亲很着急。④ Her lack of experience is a severe disability. 她缺少经验是一个严重的障碍。

【注】ability的形容词是able,其前也有两个否定前缀,dis-和an-表示不同的意思,disable是动词,意为“使……伤残”,而unable则是形容词,表示“不能的”“不会的”。如:① That illness disabled him and left him unable to work. 那病使他残疾,不能工作。② An accident disabled him from teaching. 一次交通事故使他再也不能教书了。③ He seems unable to understand the simplest instructions. 他看来似乎连最简单的说明也不懂。④ He was unable to sleep at night because of his anxiety. 他因焦虑而晚上睡不着。

2. Imagine what difficulties and dangers you might face. 想像一下你可能面对的困难和危险。(p.49 Warming up Ex.1) ▲ imagine

(1) vt. imagine + 名词/代词/动名词/从句 ① Can you imagine a fat man like that climbing? 你能想像得出那样胖的人爬山吗? ② I can't imagine asking him for money. 我难以想像向他开口要钱。

注意:imagine不接不定式。只接动名词 ① It's hard to imagine a greater threat to world peace. 难以想像还有对世界和平更大的威胁。② You can't imagine how I missed the bird. 你想像不到我是多么想念那只鸟。

注意:imagine sb. to be结构,但不能说imagine sb. to do. 如: You imagine yourself (to be) in the place. 设想你处在这个位子上。

(×) I can’t imagine you to do anything worse.

(√ ) I can’t imagine you doing anything worse.


(2) imagine可用于双重问句形式,其结构为特殊疑问句,imagine部分为插入部分,类似动词还有think, believe, suggest, suppose, guess等。① What do you think his explanation is? 你认为他的解释是什么? ② Which mouse do you imagine we should pick out? 你认为我们该挑哪种鼠标?

注意:该句型为特殊疑问句形式,所以回答时应用特殊疑问句的回答形式。-- How much do you think this car cost? 这车你认为值多少钱? -- I think it costs 4, 000 dollars. 我认为值4 000美元。

注意:此类动词反问句的构成有两种情况:当主句主语是第一人称时,反问根据从句;当主句主语为二、三人称时根据主句。① I think she is the best student in our class, isn't she? 我认为她是我们班最好的学生,不是吗? ② She thinks that he should have finished his work, doesn't she? 她认为他已完成了工作,是吗?

(3) imagine,believe,suppose,think等词在构成否定句时一般要否定前移,同时注意这些词的肯定、否定答复。① I don't think he will be the likeliest candidate for the manager of human resource department. 我认为他将不是人力资源部经理最可能的人选。② I don't think that he did the best. 我认为他并非最好。③ --Do you think Tom is the best student in our class? 你认为汤姆在我们班上是最好的学生吗? -- Yes, I think so. (肯定答复)是,我认为是。-- No, I think not / I don't think so. (否定回答)不,我认为不是。

联想:(派)imagination n. 想像,想像力;空想; imaginary adj. 想像中的、虚构的;imaginative adj. 富于想像力的;有创见的image n. 形象、印象。

▲ might

情态动词might表推测“可能”,另外表推测的情态动词还有must,may,can,could等词,用来表示对现在情况推测时后加动词原形;对过去情况推测时后加have done形式;might可能性比must,may弱,且must只用于肯定句,can只用于否定或疑问句。① We'd better hurry. Our teacher must be waiting for us. 快点,我们老师肯定正在等我们。② You mustn't play with the knife. It might

hurt your hand. 不要玩刀子,它会割伤你的手。③ Peter may come with us, but he isn't sure. 彼得可能会跟我们来,但他拿不定主意。④ He must have finished his homework. 他肯定已经完成作业了。⑤ He cannot have attended your lecture yesterday. I saw him in the cinema. 他昨天不可能去听你的演讲了,我在电影院看见他了。

3. Share your ideas with the class and try to think of ways to make public places safer and better for the disabled. 跟全班同学分享你的想法并尽力想出办法使公共场所对于残疾人更安全、更好。( p.49 Warming up Ex.2) ▲ share

(1) vt. 合用、分担、分享 ① Everyone in the house share the bathroom. 在此房间的人共用此浴室。② She never shares any of her husband's worries. 她从不担她丈夫的忧愁。③ May I share your umbrella? 我可以用你的伞吗?

短语:share...wire... 与……共用……

① Let me share the newspaper with you. 让我们一起看这张报纸。

② I'll share the cost with you. 我将与你共同分担这费用。

(2) vi. 共用、分享share in

① I haven't enough books for everyone, some of you will have to share. 我没有足够多的书提供给每一个人;你们中的一部分要与人合用一本。

② Let's share in your joy. 让我们共享你的快乐。

(3) n. 份 a share一份

拓展:share and share alike 平分、均摊; go shares平分

take one's share 尽自己的一份责任; shareware 共享软件

share holding 股权; share holder 股票持有人

▲ make复合结构的几种情况

make + n. (宾语) + 补语

名词 make sb. a singer

形容词 make the door open

省to不定式 make sb. do sth. (被动时不省to)

过去分词make sb. understood

① They made him captain. 他们选他当队长。② The news made her sad. 这消息使她悲伤。③ They made me repeat it. = I was made to repeat it. 他们让我重说。④ Speak louder in order to make yourself heard. 声音大一点,以便让别人听到你说什么。

拓展:make常用短语: be made of (看出材料)由……制成; be made from (看不出材料)由……制成; be made into 制成……; be made in 产自……; be made up of 由……组成; make up 编造,弥补,组成; make the beds 铺床; make laws 制定法律; make a noise 喧闹; make progress 取得进步; make war 发动战争; make peace 讲和; make a mistake 出错; make tea 泡茶; make plans 制定计划; make a fire 生火; make enemies 树敌; make a fortune 发财; make a price 定价; make a promise 许诺; make it 约定、实现目标; make oneself at home 别客气


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