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2016—2017学年高一上学期英语第四单元专项练习

编辑:sx_zhanglz

2016-11-16

英语成绩一直止步不前,刻苦用功但是又找不到方法,不知道问题到底出在哪里的你是不是很愁呢?高一上学期英语第四单元专项练习大家不要偷懒哦!赶快来动动大脑吧~~

A

Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission( 录取)to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.

In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.

Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children.  Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital, she also set up the firs t medical school for women.

1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?

A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school.

B. She decided to further her edu cation in Paris.

C. A serious eye problem stopped her.

D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States.

2. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?

A. She was a woman.                        B. She wrote too many letters.

C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.    D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.

3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of

her hospital?

A. Eight years     B. Ten years        C. Nineteen years        D. Thirty-six years

4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell, except that she ______.

A. became the first woman physician.

B. was the first woman doctor

C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children

D. set up the first medical school for women

B

Today most Chinese teenagers are happy to be favored by two parents and four grandparents in their families. But have you ever thought about how to take care of four to twelve old people when you grow up and get married? This could be a problem for most Chinese youths as China is entering a new stage of an aging society.

An aging society refers to one where 10 percent or more of its population is over 60. By the end of 2007, Chinese over 60 years old have made up 11.7 percent of the nation’s total population. “China is getting old before becoming rich,” said Cai Chuang, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The population increase that has powered Chinese growth for three decades will give way over the next ten years to a rapid aging of the society. This will lead to weaker economic growth, because of a lack of labor resources.

As a result of the family planning policy, it is expected that the country's total working  population will decrease after 2015.

China is not the only country getting old. More than 60 countries have become aging societies and one in three people in the European Union is a senior citizen.

However, experts said that China doesn't have a highly developed social security network to support the old. Social security is an insurance program protecting those in need, including the old, the disabled and others.

5. An aging society is a society that ___________.

A. less than 10% of its population is over 60   B. 10% or more of its population is over 60

C. there are four old people in a family       D. most of its population is over 60

6. If China enters an aging society, ___________.

A. there will not be enough labor resources

B. the family planning policy will be ended

C. everyone needs to take care of four to twelve o ld people

D. China will have a highly developed social security network

7. The passage mainly talks about ___________.

A. an aging society                         B. Chinese social problems

C. family planning policy                    D. aging problem in China

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