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2016年高一英语下册期末考试模拟真题

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2017-01-10

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第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共计70分)

I.第一部分  英语知识运用(共三节,满分40分)

第一节 语音知识(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

1.  occur       A. operate       B. movie         C. motto       D. handsome

2.  rude        A. dull          B. nuclear        C. include      D. drug

3.  wisdom     A. insect         B. surely         C. besides      D. ancestor

4.  southern    A. breathe        B. method        C. thrill        D. faith

5.  surface     A. Saturday       B. fur            C. survive      D. surprising

第二节  单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。

6.  —   How often do you eat out?

— ______, but usually once a week.

A. Have no idea       B. It depends       C. As usual        D. Generally speaking

7. In our factory there are 2,000 workers, and two thirds of _______ are women.

A. them     B. which     C. whom     D. who

8. ---When can I see you, Mr. Black? Three o’clock this afternoon?

--Oh, no. I _____ a meeting then.

A. will have        B. will be having        C. am having          D. have

9. When I was walking in the street, I _________ to meet a friend of mine.

A. happened       B. broke out     C. occurred     D. took place

10. E-Mail is a _____of communication and it is becoming more and more popular.

A. type           B. mean             C. means        D kind

11. Speaking of all the songs he has written, I think this is probably his ____ one.

A. better-known B. well-known C. best-known D. most-known

12. I will work as hard as I can _____ for the final exam.

A. prepare             B. to prepare         C. preparing       D. prepared

13. He didn’t like his job that he had a few years ago. So he      business.

A.turned for B.turned in C.turned on D.turned to

14. —When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon.

—They        be ready by 12:00.

A.can B.should C.might D.need

15.  _______ Mr. Morgan appears extremely cheerful in public, he is in fact leading a very unhappy life.

A. While           B. When            C. As              D . Since

16. She was late again . She tried to enter the classroom without being noticed by Cherry , but luck           him.

A.went for  B.went with  C.went along D.went against

17. What I like best , to tell you the truth ,        in my opinion , the books my brother bought me as my birthday present last week .

A.is B. are C.have  D.existed

18. Our new reading room____ to be very useful because a large number of students can gain a lot of know¬ledge by reading the magazines and newspapers.

A.proves    B.promises  C.considers   D.keeps

19. In order to avoid      ,the boy lied to his mother, saying it was the cat that broke the vase.

A.punishing B.being punished    C.to punish     D.to be punished

20. Was it at the school _________ was named after a hero ________ he spent his childhood?

A.that; where B.where; where     C.which; that D.that; which

第三节  完形填空(每空1分,共20分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

The story goes that some time ago, a man punished his 3-year-old daughter for  21  a roll of gold wrapping paper.Money was  22  and he became very angry when the child tried to decorate a   23  to put under the Christmas tree.

24  , the little girl brought the gift to her father the next morning and said, “This is for you, Daddy.”He felt  25  by his earlier over reaction, but his  26  flared again when he found the box was  27  .He  28  at her, “don’t you know that when you give someone a  29  , there’s supposed to be  30  inside it ?” The little girl looked  31  at him with tears in her eyes and said, “Oh, Daddy, it is not empty.I blew kisses into the box.All for you, Daddy.”The father’s face became  32  .He put his arms around his little girl, and he begged for her  33  .

It is told that the man  34  that gold box by his bed for years and  35  he was discouraged, he would take out a(an)  36  kiss and remember the love of the child who had put it there.

In a very real  37  ,each of us as humans have been given a gold container  38  with unconditional love and kisses from our children, friends, family and God.There is no  39  precious possession anyone could  40  .

21.A.buying B.lending C.wasting D.damaging

22.A.tight B.enough C.short D.cheap

23.A.box B.doll C.book D.vase

24.A.Instead B.However C.Therefore D.Meanwhile

25.A.disappointed B.excited C.uncomfortable D.glad

26.A.joke B.anger C.joy D.wonder

27.A.empty B.full C.decorated D.broken

28.A.looked B.shouted C.called D.pulled

29.A.hand B.flower C.lesson D.present

30.A.something B.everything C.anything D.nothing

31.A.down B.up C.away D.round

32.A.blue B.yellow C.green D.red

33.A.understanding B.forgiveness C.encouragement D.agreement

34.A.kept B.put  C.locked D.had

35.A.whatever B.however C.wherever D.whenever

36.A.practical B.imaginary C.valuable D.important

37.A.world B.society C.sense D.family

38.A.given B.filled C.covered D.made

39.A.more B.less C.any D.much

40.A.win  B.hold C.buy D.share

II.第二部分:阅读理解( 满分30分)

A

Once Wilhelm K. Roentgen and several other scientists were experimenting with passing electric currents through certain gases in a special glass tube from which the air had been taken away. Then one day Roentgen noticed that when the tube was covered with black paper, some strange kind of radiation was coming through and making a screen nearby glow(发光). Roentgen could see anything out of the tube, but then he discovered that if he put the screen at the next room on the other side of a closed door, the rays still seemed to affect it. The glowing screen showed that the rays could pass not only through the black paper but also through wood.

The next thing he found out was that if he put his hand between the rays and a photographic

plate, the rays would print a shadow of the bony(骨头的) framework of his hand on the plate. In fact, the rays could pass as easily through the fleshy part of his hand as through the black paper. But hardly at all through the bone. So Roentgen made the first X-ray picture of a hand showing just how the bones in the hand fitted together.

Roentgen called the unknown rays X-rays, but other scientists called them Roentgen rays in memory of the man who first found them.

41.Roentgen discovered X-rays ___________.

A.by working hard  B.by chance

C.by doing experiment after experiment D.with the help of several other scientists

42.What was in the special glass tube?

A.Air B.Nothing C.Nothing but gases D.None of the above

43.We may conclude that the rays Roentgen found were __________.

A.dangerous B.invisible C.colorful D.poisonous

44.What could X-rays hardly pass through?

A.Wood B.Glass C.Bones D.Black paper

45.Which title best gives the main idea of the passage?

A.the Discovery of Roentgen Rays. B.The Discovery of Electric Currents.

C.The First X-ray Picture of a Hand. D.The Use of the Photographic Plate.

B

American pilot Frank Webb first flew a glider at the age of 14, made his first flight alone on his 16th birthday and got his commercial pilot’s license(执照)on his 18th birthday.

After serving in the US Navy for 20 years, being a Boeing flight instructor, and working with Alaska Airlines for more than three years, Webb signed a contract with Shenzhen Airlines last May to captain domestic routes in China. As an experienced pilot, he still feels the same nervousness as he felt on his first fight.

Captain Webb said that the “Sept. 11” incident did not have a direct influence on his decision to move to China to work. “Safety is in fact tighter in the United States and I am not worried about a terrorist attack,” he said. “The main reason I came to China was that my children will have a chance to see the world and experience international living.”

Webb has not experienced any in-flight emergencies(紧急情况) during his term in China although he said the weather here was generally more changeable than in the United States. “The weather changes tend to be great from north to south. We may be flying in a snow storm in Harbin, and then later that same day we may be flying through a tropical rain shower approaching Shenzhen,” Webb said.

While Webb had more flexibility(灵活性) to deal with the weather in the United States, he said air traffic control in China was more strict and allowed fewer deviations(偏离).

Speaking of planes often being late in China, Webb said that in America, being late was one of the few things that would get him in trouble. “In China, on the other hand, it seems there are many things that can get you in trouble with the boss, but being late is not one of them.” Webb does everything in his power to keep his flights on schedule.

“They provide really excellent service during flights. Western flight attendants just serve passengers. But the Chinese attendants will also check on the crew(机组人员)to see if we need anything,” Webb said.

46.Webb signed a contract with Shenzhen Airlines because _____.

A.he was afraid of the influence of  “Sept. 11”

B.he got a better pay there than in the US

C.he thought more for his children

D.he hoped to see the beautiful sights in China

47.The underlined word “glider” (in Paragraph 1) refers to “___    __”.

A.a type of plane   B.a type of car

C.a type of bike   D.a type of motor

48.The changeable weather in the flight Webb met in China _____.

A.made him excited  B.caused him frightened

C.affected his health  D.increased his difficulty

49.Webb is a pilot who _____.

A.has been tired of planes’ being late

B.has never had the experience of planes’ being late

C.is trying his best to keep his flights on time

D.finds it hard to understand China’s air traffic control

50.Webb’s words in the last paragraph show that he _____.

A.is not satisfied with Western flight attendants

B.thinks highly of the flight attendants in China

C.encourages Chinese flight attendants to improve services

D.admires the services of Western flight attendants

C

Not all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences .Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars . Often they relive (重新体验) these experiences in nightmares .

Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill ,which will help people forget bad memories . The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience . They hope it might reduce , or possible erase (抹去) the effect of painful memories .

In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain . So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced , not that the memories are eased .

The research has caused a great deal of argument . Some think it is a bad idea , while others support it . Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers’ troubling memories after war .

They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories . “Some memories can ruin people’s lives . They come back to you when you don’t want to have them in a daydream or nightmare . They usually come with very painful emotions ,” said Roger Pitman , a professor of psychiatry (精神病学) at Harvard Medical School. “This could relieve a lot of that suffering .”

But those who are against the research say that changing memories is very dangerous because memories give us our identity (物质). They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past . “All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we are . I’m not sure we’d want to wipe those memories out.” said Rebecca Dresser , a medical ethicist (伦理学家).

Some people fear that although the drug would first be used in only very serious cases , it would become more and more common . “People always have the ability to misuse science,” said Joeph Le Doux, a New York University memory researcher . “All we want to do is help people have better control of memories .”

51.What’s the main idea of the text ?

A.People often suffer from bad memories .

B.American researchers are trying to develop a pill .

C.Forget bad memories , and be happy .

D.The research has cause a heated argument .

52.The underlined word “it” in paragraph 4 refers to “       ”.

A.the new drug   B.the research into the drug

C.the memory   D.the chemical in the drug

53.Which of the following is not the opinion of the supporters ?

A.The pill can erase all the memories in the past

B.Some memories can ruin people’s lives. The pill can relieve emotional suffering .

C.The pill can also help many other types of people who suffer from terrible memories .

D.The pill can also prevent or treat troubling memories in soldiers after war

54.Which of the following is not the opinion of the opponents (反对者)?

A.Our memories give us our identity .

B.The memories help humanity avoid mistake of the past .

C.The drug should be used in only very serious cases .

D.People may not be sure whether they want to wipe the memories out .

55.It could be inferred from the passage that         .

A.the pill has been developed and will be more and more common

B.the pill has helped soldiers forget bad experiences during the war .

C.The pill is being tested on some people by some researchers .

D.The pill will be forbidden because people have different opinions of it .

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共50分)

第三部分 写作 (共三节,满分50分)

I.第一节 单词拼写(10分)

1. The ____________ (夫妇) are newly married.

2. He has a large __________(搜集) of books which are written in English.

3. This movie is ___________ (打算) for adults, not for children.

4. Some people think clowns are only funny for children.________(实际上) they can help people forget their problems , at least for a short moment.

5. Chinese people and Westerners have a different sense of _________ (幽默).

6. The beer tastes a little __________ (苦).

7. We greatly __________ (感激) your timely help.

8. Has he had any experience of __________ (管理) large projects ?

9. During that period of time they made three important __________ (发现).

10. He tapped his foot ___________ (轻轻地) on the floor.

II.第二节 课文背默填空(15分)

1. New Zealand is __________ by the Pacific Ocean to the north and east, and Tasman Sea to the south and west.

2. More than 120 years later, Captain James Cook took ____________ of the islands in 1769 and from that time British people started to settle in New Zealand.

3. By 1840 about 2,000 Europeans, mainly British, had come to settle in New Zealand and the Maori signed an ___________ with these settlers.

4.Over time, many farming techniques have been modernized: ___________ fertilizers are now used and electric pumps are used in ____________.

5.It was _________ the early 1990s that scientists started to develop new techniques to increase agricultural production without harming the _____________.

6. Today, many vegetables are not grown in gardens but in _________ where they are ________ from the wind ,rain and insects.

7. A _________ of GM watermelons will be seedless and there is GM rice ,sometimes called “golden rice”, __________ will have more vitamins and can grow in poor soil.

8.Funny plays often have characters that are stereotypes of _________ or people doing certain job.

9. _________ back to the Qin Dynasty, the traditional crosstalk shows, or xiangsheng shows have made people all over China roar with ___________ for centuries.

10.Just like spoken language, body language __________ from culture to culture.

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