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第一学期高二英语期中考试预测卷(含答案)

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2016-10-18

C

An indoor house cat made an unbelievable journey after disappearing on a family outing and returning to her hometown by traveling about 200 miles over two months.

Holly, a 4-year-old cat, was separated from her owners Jacob and Bonnie Richter in Daytona Beach, Florida, in early November.

Two months later, on New Year’s Eve, Holly was found in a family’s backyard about a mile from the Richters’ house in West Palm Beach. She was weak and exhausted.

Her owners are unsure of how Holly found her way home. “Her pads(肉趾) on her feet were bleeding,” Ms Richter said. “Her claws(爪子) are worn down. The front ones are really sharp, the back ones worn down to nothing.”

Even scientists are baffled by how the house cat managed to travel nearly 200 miles back home.

“Are you sure it’s the same cat?” John Bradshaw, director of the University of Bristol’s Anthrozoology Institute, told the New York Times. But Holly had an implanted microchip(嵌入的微芯片) to allow people to identify her.

Dr. Bradshaw says Holly may have gotten a lift and perhaps hid under the hood(发动机罩) of a truck heading down Florida’s I-95.

However the condition of her paws suggests Holly didn’t get a ride during her way home, nor did she travel easily.

Scientists say it is more common, although still rare, to hear of dogs returning home. Dr. Bradshaw said dogs may have inherited(继承) their genetic relative wolves’ ability to navigate(领航) using magnetic clues(磁场的线索). It is also possible that dogs get taken on more family outings, and that lost dogs are more easily noticed by people along the way, scientists say. Cats, on the other hand, typically navigate well around familiar landscapes, memorizing locations by sight and smell, Dr. Bradshaw told the New York Times. All in all though, there is little scientific knowledge about cat navigation.

29. The underlined word “baffled” in Paragraph 5 means ______.

A. puzzled    B. annoyed     C. encouraged    D. disappointed

30. What’s John Bradshaw’s attitude towards Holly’s returning home alone?

A. He is certain about it.   B. He is hopeful of it.

C. He approves of it.     D. He doubts it.

31. The text is most probably taken from ______.

A. a book review(书评)       B. a research paper

C. a travel magazine   D. a newspaper report

D

It’s been around for over 5000 years. It was an important food to the Aztec Indians and it even helped in the inventing of the first microwave oven. Can you guess what it is? That’s right. It’s popcorn(爆米花).The oldest corn ever discovered was found in a New Mexico rock formation(地岩层) called “the Bat Cave”. These ears of corn ranging from smaller than a penny to about 10cm long are thought to be about 5600 years old. Popcorn was known as momchitl to the 16th century Aztec Indians, and played an important role in their lives. They used it not only as a food source, but also in their ceremonies.

Popcorn was also thought to bring peace and goodwill: One account tells of the Aztec people scattering(撒) momchitl before the fishermen went out to sea. The popped corn was given to the god of water, in hopes of a safe journey for them. Popcorn poppers have changed completely over the years. Some ancient poppers were made out of clay. This covered bowl was hung from a tripod-like (鼎状) holder and placed directly over the fire.

Today, we have microwave ovens(微波炉) that do all the popping for us. In fact, it was popcorn that actually helped invent the first microwave. In 1946 an engineer by the name of Percy Spencer was experimenting with a new vacuum tube(菅)called a magnetron(磁控管). (Magnetrons are used to produce the high energy that is used in microwaves.) When he was working with the magnetron, he realized the candy in his pocket had melted(融化). So being the electronics expert that he was, Percy Spencer had an idea and immediately sent for some popcorn. This time he placed the popcorn kernels(粒) near the tube and soon history was made. The kernels popped and he went on to create the first microwave oven.

Who knew popcorn had such a history? From caves to ceremonies to microwaves, this fun food has seen it all. Perhaps that’s why it has stood the test of time and still remains a favorite today.

32. We can learn from Paragraph 1 that popcorn _______ .

A. had different sizes in the past

B. was a delicious snack to the Aztec Indians

C. had a great influence on the Aztec Indians’ lives

D. served only as a food source for the Aztec Indians

33. Before the fishermen went fishing, the Aztec people scattered popcorn to _______.

A. attract more fish

B. wish them good luck

C. give it to the god of rain

D. make sure people lived peacefully

34. The third paragraph is mainly about _______ .

A. why Percy Spencer did the experiment

B. how magnetrons were used in microwaves

C. how the first microwave oven was invented

D. why Percy Spencer created the microwave oven

35. What would be the best title for the text?

A. Corn, then and now

B. More than just a snack food

C. The history of microwave oven

D. Percy Spencer—a great inventor

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。(注意:此题36-40的答案要涂到卡上71-75)

If something that you’re doing doesn’t challenge you, then it doesn’t change you. We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all.    36    So challenge the following limits:

1. Figure out what you’re scared of and do it continuously.

If you’re a salesman, and you’re scared of talking to people personally or over the phone, now, instead of being scared and thinking you’ll fail, spend at least five minutes a day to pick up the phone and make a call.    37    But don’t stop on the first try! Eventually, you can look at fear in the eyes and say, “Go on, I’m not scared!”

2.    38

Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this. Some examples might be cooking, sewing, painting and so on. Apart from helping you challenge yourself, taking a class for your hobby may also give you extra income.

3. Set aside at least nine minutes a day for physical exercise.

39    A simple 9-minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for yourself. Exercise can not only help you maintain your regular weight, but also make you feel better about yourself.

4. Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people.

Don’t just limit yourself to your fellow travelers—try to connect with the service staff. You never know what kind of people they’re going to be. Get out of your house or go online right now to book your class.    40

A. You should do it continuously.

B. Someone may hang up on you.

C. You don’t need to go to the gym.

D. Running in the gym may be a better choice.

E. Start to travel now and learn to challenge yourself.

F. Take a class for a hobby you’ve been wanting to develop.

G. You can never see any improvement if you stick to your comfort zone.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(注意:此题41-60的答案要涂到卡上41-60)

The middle of March might seem early to be thinking about Mother’s Day, but it’s not too early if you know what you want. Every year in the past, my kids would ask me what I’d  41  for Mother’s Day, and I think I disappointed them when I  42  with an answer like, “I just want your hugs.” I know they really do want to  43  me a present. It’s just hard to find out what they can  44  buy because they usually keep secret.

This year is a little  45  , and I know exactly what I want. I want tomatoes! I  46  love tomatoes. Last year I didn’t get even one single tomato  47  on my own all summer long. I was in poor health and was unable to garden. My garden was  48  most of the spring and summer, so it was filled with weeds and now is a  49  . I love homegrown tomatoes so much. I could eat two or three every day. My kids are old enough to  50  in the garden and plant tomatoes for me.I’ll have to tell them to get some fresh soil and  51  the grass and weeds and get things ready first. It’s a  52  job. They actually started the other day, and though they didn’t get far, there is measurable  53  . When the garden is all  54  , they can plant tomato seedlings(幼苗). Then all we’ll have to do is water, weed and  55  .

I think soon there will be tomatoes in my garden, red and  56  and ready for the picking.All summer long, my children’s gift will  57  giving. Thanks for the hard work that will go into the best Mother’s Day  58  this year. Not only will the present make me  59   and healthy, but also it lets my children know the benefit and  60  of physical labor.

41. A. see   B. like   C. say D. create

42. A. recalled  B. explained  C. responded   D. repeated

43. A. give     B. put     C. set     D. 1ay

44. A. carefully     B. correctly     C. hardly     D. actually

45. A. different     B. funny     C. polite     D. careful

46. A. finally.      B. warmly     C. nearly     D. really

47. A. bought     B. borrowed     C. planted     D. thrown  1

48. A. ignored     B. replaced     C. changed   D. selected

49. A. tragedy(悲剧)   B. mess     C. surprise     D. fear

50. A. work     B. stay     C. live     D. play

51. A. set about     B. put down     C. dig out     D. get on

52. A. brave     B. slow     C. casual     D. hard

53. A. pleasure     B. difficulty     C. progress   D. ability

54. A. ready     B. green     C. fresh     D. beautiful

55. A. escape     B. wait     C. use     D. agree

56. A. strong     B. fat     C. bright     D. ripe

57. A. refer to     B. depend on     C. keep on     D. think of

58. A. plan     B. event     C. object     D. gift

59. A. lucky    B. happy     C. active     D. popular

60. A. importance     B. action     C. purpose     D. character

第Ⅱ卷(共60分)

第三部分:英语知识运用

第二节 语法填空 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填人一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空(不多于3个词),并将答案填写在答题纸的相应位置上。

My husband and I were visiting my parents in Tucson, Arizona. We went to    61  fast-food restaurant for dinner together. My husband went to the counter    62    (order) dishes and I stood with my parents.

My dad is 90 years old. He    63    hardly see very well and walks with a stick. I was scanning the restaurant, waiting to sit on the first table    64    was more convenient than others. A woman who    65    (sit) with her son made eye contact with me and asked me to come to her. With a puzzled look on my face, I pointed to    66    and said, “Me?” She nodded and said, “Yes, you.” I walked to the table and she said, “Bring your family here. I can finish    67   (eat) at the counter. My son is    68    a hurry to leave anyway.” My eyes were filled with tears    69    she wiped off the table and guided my dad to the seat. I always believe that there are naturally kind people in this world. This woman has set a good    70    to her son, who is a really lucky guy.

第四部分 写作(共三节,满分45分)

第一节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

He found that it came from the river ___________(污染)by the dirty water from London.

I often ___________ (投稿,贡献)essays to the school paper.

What are the ____________ (省)called in England?

England can be ____________ (划分)into three main areas.

It looked ____________ (壮丽的) when first built!

Hit by a __________ (缺乏) of fresh air, my head ached.

It was a dilemma because the footballer could have ____________ (要求) damages if we were wrong.

He tried to stop us _____________ (出版) it but later we were proved right.

You can get burned by a _____________ (多样性;种种) of things

Then he tied it ___________ (紧地) so that it would stay in place.

第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Although it was autumn, but it was snowing in Tibet. It was such cold that our legs felt like blocks of ice. On the late afternoon, we found that our water bottles froze because cold weather. But we still enjoyed us during the journey. At one point, we were surprising to find ourselves cycling through clouds. In the valleys colorful butterflies fly around us. It was a great fun to cycle down the hills as it gradual became much warmer. So we had to change our warm coats for T-shirt and shorts.

第三节 书面表达(满分25分)

根据文字说明用英语写下面的新闻报道:

新闻:高三学生柳艳兵、易政勇因在公交车上阻止歹徒行凶而受伤严重误了高考,7月2日开始参加经教育部批示为他们在江西省宜春三中举行的两个人的高考。

2014年5月31日,宜春至金瑞的中巴车上,一名男子突然持菜刀(kitchen knife)行凶,致5名乘客受伤。危急关头,宜春三中高三(17)班学生柳艳兵、易政勇,不顾危险,勇敢地冲了上去,与歹徒搏斗,柳艳兵背部和头部受重伤,易政勇一只手受伤。他们不顾伤痛奋力将歹徒按倒在地,并最终夺(grab)下歹徒手中的凶器,保护了更多的乘客。

由于伤势较重,柳艳兵、易政勇未能参加今年的6月7、8日的全国高考。政府为表彰二人的英雄事迹,授予他们“见义勇为先进个人”(Good Samaritans)荣誉称号。教育部为他们组织单独考试,而且包括清华大学在内的超过10所大学都表示愿意录取(enroll)他们。

“Good Samaritans” take a separate college entrance exam

_______________________________________________________________________________

语法填空:61. a  62. to order  63. can  64. that/which 65. was sitting

66. myself  67. eating  68. in  69. as/when 70. example

单词拼写:71-75 polluted  contribute  provinces  divided  splendid

76-80 lack  demanded  publishing  variety  tightly

短文改错:81. 去掉but 82. such—so 83. On—In  84. because后加of 85. us—ourselves

86. surprising—surprised 87. fly—flew 88. 去掉a 89. gradual—gradually 90. T-shirt—T-shirts

书面表达:

“Good Samaritans” take a separate college entrance exam

Two high school students, Liu Yanbing and Yi Zhengyong, who missed this year’s national college entrance exam after being seriously injured while stopping a knife attack on a bus on May 31, are taking separate college entrance exam in Yichun, Jiangxi Province, July 2, 2014.

On May 31, Liu Yanbing and Yi Zhengyong, both from No. 3 Middle School in Yichun, were on the bus that was going from Yichun City to Jinrui Town. On the way, a man held a kitchen knife to attack passengers and five people were injured. The students risked their lives to fight with that man and grabbed the knife to prevent more injuries at the very moment. The pair were seriously injured during the fight. Liu suffered serious injuries to his back and head while trying to take the knife. Yi, who helped stop the attack, suffered injuries to one of his hands.

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