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高考常考词汇归纳(完形填空)

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2016-06-05

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高考英语完形填空动词:

1“看” look看的动作/ see看的结果; watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察;

notice注意/catch sight of看见;stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看;

glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见;see a film 看电影/watch TV看电视

2“说” telll sth to sb = tell sb sth告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流 say sth诉说的内容 speak in English说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain讨价还价 chat聊天 repeat重复 explain解释 warn警告 remind提醒 Discuss 讨论debate辩论 figure 指出declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起 admit 承认deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍complain抱怨

3“叫” cry哭叫 call叫 shout大喊 scream尖叫 moan呻吟 sigh叹气 quarrel大吵

4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达 question审问

5“答” answer回答 respond回应(用其他方式回应) reply回复

6 “听” listen to听的动作 hear听的结果 pick up收听 overhear无意听到

7“写” dictate听写 write sth 写 describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw画

take down/write down写下,记下

8“拿/放” take拿走 bring拿来 hold举着 carry扛,挑 (无方向性)

fetch拿来拿去 lift举 Put放 lay 铺/放置 pull拉/push推

9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠

10“打” hit一次性的打击 beat不间断的打击 strike突然的击打/突然想到

blow吹刮 attack攻击

11“扔” throw扔 drop掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇

12“送” send寄送 deliver递送 give给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行

13“摸/抱” touch摸 /fold折叠 /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握 in one’s arms

14“踢/碰” kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲

15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑fly crawl 匍匐前进

16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand站,耸立/ lean斜靠

17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap打盹 be asleep bend turn over翻身 rest

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing

19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep呜咽地哭 sob抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying

20“找/查” find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索

hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of寻找 search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

check检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测,检验 inspect视察

21“穿” put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态

make-up化装 get changed换衣服 be in red Take off 脱 remove 去除

22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste

treat sb to请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

23“得” get obtain acquire获得知识和技能 gain possess

24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing人错过失踪,不见 gone不见(物) great loss die die off相继死去 die away 逐渐消失

25“有” have 有 own是自己的 conquer征服 occupy占有=possess

26“无” nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

27“增/减” rise / go up /drop

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease

28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

bill / cheque / cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts

29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive live show turn up

disappear die die out pass away be out of sight

30“变化” develop improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into reform

31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize

understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to

32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. into reality

33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do

34祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会

35赞美/批评 praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame

criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb speak ill of

36喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off

37判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt

38到达 arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for

on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth

39受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from

suffer a loss

40损坏 damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash

41修复 repair rebuild restore fix recover oneself

42支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive refuse turn down

be against elect vote for/ against

43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker

44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand persuade 说服

45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth

It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense

46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away spare no effort/ time

47 参加 take part in join /join in attend compete in/ for/against

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