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2016年高考英语二轮复习短文改错题型解析

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2016-03-29

(2)过去分词与现在分词的区别是另一考查热点。此时重点要看分词与主语或逻辑主语的关系。

①After an hour or so, we began to feel veryfrightening. frightened②…but now l am interesting in football. interested(3)被动语态中的过去分词误用成动词原形。

Books may be keep for four weeks.kept(4)掌握好动词不定式带to与不带to的差异。

(5)有些动词后接不定式,有些动词后接动名词,应分别牢记这些动词。

4.主谓不一致

(1) Playing football not only makes us grow up talland strong but alsoglve us a sense of fair play and teamspirit.gives

(2)Now my picture and the prize is hanging in thelibrary.are【知识拓宽】

(1)谓语动词的单复数一般取决于前面主语的单复数。

Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing toborrow them.costs

(2)not only;一but also, neither.—nor.一,either.

or..-等并列连词连接两个主语时,谓语动词的单复数应采取就近一致原则。

(3)There be结构中,谓语动词也应采取就近一致原则。

But then there is always more mysteries to look into.

are

(4)注意把集合名词(如family,class,team等)和不定代词(如all,none等)放在具体语境中,判断其谓语动词的单复数。

5.代词不一致

(l)The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.

their

(2)And they must not break the rules too often if wewant to win the game.

we(3)Now someone at home reads instead.

everyone/everybody【知识拓宽】

(1)根据上下文判断,出现了代词不一致。

①1 felt that it helped me understand how the worldworks.they②They have been to Europe many timesWe

(2)倾向于考查学生对不定代词、形容词性物主代词、名词性物主代词以及代词的主格与宾格等诸方面知识的掌握与运用能力。

And I can’t forget the good food you cooked forl me

(3)人称代词性别上的误用也是常见的错误形式之一。

6.连词误用

(l)~esaid that she and my schoolmates all wished mesuccass,but it didn’t matter thatI would win or notwhether【解析】it为形式主语,whether l would win or not是真正的主语,意为“我是否能赢”。

(2)lt looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor andaguest.or【解析】句意为:看起来我的父母亲把我当成了“visitor”或“guest”。二者为选择关系而非并列关系,故将and改为or。

(3)It is a very important exam butI can't afford tofail it.and/so【解析】此处应是并列或因果关系,而非转折关系。

【知识拓宽】

(1)正确掌握各连词的含义及其在从句中的应用。

①…because I felt that they helped me understandwhat the world works.

how②Most people can quickly get help from a doctor orgo to a hospital sir ce they areill when/if

(2)熟练应用表示并列、选择、转折、因果等关系的连词:and, or, but, so, therefore, however等.

①She was smiling but nodding at me.and②Therefore, there are still some countries wherepeople have shorter lives.

However

(3)弄清whether和if的含义及用法区别。

…and whether you pay the cost of sending apostcard,the librarian will write to you. if

7.关系代词与关系副词误用

I live inBeijing,where is the capital of China. which【解析】此处是非限制性定语从句,关系代词which作主语。

【知识拓宽】

(1)正确区分关系代词之间的区别,尤其是that和which的区别。

…in other places you are limited to.a certainnumber, of that some may be novels.which

(2)正确区分关系代词与关系副词的区别,并掌握它们的用法。

However,there are still some countries there peoplehave shorter lives.where

8.词性误用

(1) Also the sport teaches us the important ofobedience. importance【解析】本句应该用名词importance作动词teach的直接宾语。

(2) Unfortunate, there are too many people in myfamily. Unfortunately【解析】此处应该用副词unfortunately作状语,意为“不幸的是”。

(3) After learning the basics of the subject,nothingelse seemed very practically to me. practical【解析】。eem为系动词,后面应接形容词作表语。

【知识拓宽】

词性误用指的是动词与名词混淆,副词与形容词混淆等。这就要求我们在平时学习中重视词性及各类词在句中的基本功能。再如:

I'm sure we'IIhave 8 wonderfully time together.

wonderful

9.限定词误用

(1) Today I visited the Smiths-my first visit to aAmerican family. an【解析】American为元音音素开头的单词,故应用部定冠词 an

(2)wemay be one family and live under a sameroof,…the【解析】same意为“同样的”,前面应加定冠词the。

10.近义词混用They did not want me to do any work at family......

home【解析】family侧重指“家庭这个结构或家里的人。,而home则侧重指“家庭的所在地”。因此,“在家里”应用athome。

【知识拓宽】

在英语中,有许多同义词、近义词和反义词,在平时学习中应抓好基础,牢记每一个词的基本含义。再如: .Uncle Ben will alsogo back for Christmas.come总之,平时学习中应加强对基础知识的积累,熟练掌握高考词汇、基本词法、句法,同时还应加强阅读能力的训练。因为,较快的阅读速度、较好的语感和牢固的基础知识是做好短文改错的重要前提。平时训练短文改错时,不应只是为了做题而做题,而应善于总结、摸索答题的规律。

参考答案

一、1. (3)go to school; in prison; at table(4)play basketball; play chess

三、1. (1) question-*questions(2)subject—subjects(3) match-*matches(4)schoolmate—+ schoolmates(5)subject-+ subjects(6) return—.retums(7) class- classes

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