您当前所在位置:首页 > 初中资讯

英语语法讲解之主语从句

来源:51EDU精品学习网

2018-10-26

主语从句在复合句中作主句的主语,引导主语从句的词有从属连词及连接代词和连接副词等,学生们,还想什么了,赶紧进来一起学习吧~

一、主语从句的概念与类型

主语从句在复合句中作主句的主语,引导主语从句的词有从属连词that, whether以及连接代词who, what, which, whoever, whatever, whichever和连接副词when, where, why, how等.例如:

That she was chosen made us very happy.她当选了使我们很高兴.

What caused the accident is a complete mystery.是什么导致了这次事故还完全是一个谜.

Whether she will come or not is still a question.她是否来还是一个问题.

Which team will win the match is still unknown.哪个队会赢得这场比赛还不知道.

Whoever comes to the party will receive a present.参加聚会的每一个人都将收到一份礼物.

When they will start has not been decided yet.他们何时出发还没决定.

注意:上述例句中的主语从句都是放在句首,但有时为了使句子结构平衡,避免"头重脚轻",常用it作形式主语,而把从句放在后面.例如:

It is a pity that she has made such a mistake.她犯了这样一个错误,真是遗憾.

It depends on the climate whether they are going shopping today.他们是否今天去购物还得看天气情况.

这样就构成了下面一些常用句型:

1)It is + adj. / n. +从句

It is a pity/shame that...遗憾的是……

It is possible that...很可能……

It is unlikely that...不可能……

2)It +不及物动词+从句

It seems/appears that...似乎……

It happened that...碰巧……

3)It + be +过去分词+从句

It is said that...据说……

It is known to all that...众所周知……

It is reported that...据报道……

It is believed that...据信……;人们相信……

It is suggested that...有人建议……

It must be pointed out that...必须指出……

It has been proved that...已证明…….例如:

It is believed that at least a score of buildings were damaged or destroyed.据信,至少有二十座楼房遭到破坏或彻底毁掉.

It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议会议延期召开.

It's reported that three people were killed in the accident and five were hurt badly.据报道,事故中三人丧生,五人重伤.

It is known to all that Taiwan is an inseparable part of China.众所周知,台湾是中国不可分割的一部分.

[巩固练习]

1. Does _______ matter if he can't finish the job on time?

A. this B. that C. he D. it

2. It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning grey.

A. which B. that C. if D. for

3. _______ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

A. There B. This C. That D. It

标签: 英语

● 相关推荐更多>>

免责声明

精品学习网(51edu.com)在建设过程中引用了互联网上的一些信息资源并对有明确来源的信息注明了出处,版权归原作者及原网站所有,如果您对本站信息资源版权的归属问题存有异议,请您致信qinquan#51edu.com(将#换成@),我们会立即做出答复并及时解决。如果您认为本站有侵犯您权益的行为,请通知我们,我们一定根据实际情况及时处理。

◇ 热点关注